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Traditional Geocache

Vrana Castle

A cache by Heldenmaus Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 7/15/2012
In Croatia
Difficulty:
2.5 out of 5
Terrain:
3 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:

Das ist eine Burg aus dem 11. Jh. To je tvdjava iz 11. stoljeca. This is a castle from 11 th century.

Im Mittelalter war Vrana im Besitz kroatischer Feudalherren; danach war es ein befestigter Sitz des Templer- (seit dem 12. Jh.) und des Johanniterordens (seit dem 14. Jh.). Ab 1409 steht Vrana unter venezianischer Herrschaft, im 16. Jh. fällt es in die Hände der Türken. 1647 wird der Ort von Venedig zurückerobert, 1670 jedoch von den Türken eingenommen, die arabische Gärtner anreisen lassen und den Sumpfboden zu entwässern beginnen (erhaltene Spuren von Entwässerungskanälen). Oberhalb des Vrana-Sees entdeckt man die Ruinen einer mittelalterlichen Burg sowie eines Klosters. In seiner Nähe liegt eine einstige Karawanserei (MaSkoviCa han), ein seltenes Beispiel türkischer Baukunst in Dalmatien; den Bau veranlaßte 1644 der aus Vrana gebürtige türkische Wesir Jusuf MaSkoviC. Ebenfalls sichtbar sind Reste des römischen Aquädukts, der das antike Zadar mit Wasser versorgte. Aus Vrana stammen vermutlich zwei bedeutende kroatische Renaissancekünstler des 15. Jh.: der Baumeister Lucijan und der Bildhauer Franjo Vranjanin. Stari grad Vrana - Benediktinski samostan (9.-16. stoljeće) Tvrđava Vrana spominje se u IX stoljeću. Pozivajući se na Zvonimirovu krunidbenu izjavu 1076. u Solinu, radi se o Benediktinskom samostanu koji kralj Dmitar Zvonimir daruje Svetoj stolici kako bi Papinski legati imali osiguran dugotrajni boravak na hrvatskim zemljama. Templari koji preuzimaju Vranu 1136. pa sve do ukinuća reda 1312. ne podliježu jurisdikciji lokalnih biskupa. Sve do pada pod tursku upravu 1529. godine postoji kao prvorazredni duhovni i politički čimbenik, a vranski samostan uživa pravo jurisdikcije na cijelom području hrvatsko-ugarskog „jezika“. Posebnom Papinskom uredbom ujedinjuje se titula bana hrvatskog i priora vranskog pa se na ovome mjestu u istoj osobi u doba glasovitoga Ivana Paližne koncentrira ogromna crkvena, politička i vojna moć. Unutar njezinih zidina dugo se vremena čuvaju insignije hrvatskog kraljevstva, radi čega i Koloman 1102. godine dolazi na krunidbe upravo u Biograd kao najbližu kraljevsku rezidenciju. Padom pod tursku upravu, Vrana nikad više nije povratila niti dio svoje slavne prošlosti, a nasljedna prava nad samostanom i njegovom imovinom pripala su prvostolnici Zagrebačkoj, u kojoj se i danas čuvaju poprsja najglasovitijih priora vranskih, Ivana Paližne i Petra Berislavića. Lokalitet je sačuvan u oko 20 % prvotnog izgleda. Njegovo rušenje izvršila je Venecija u doba Kandijskog rata (1645.-1669.), kad je u sklopu privremenog primirja bila primorana Vranu opet vratiti Turcima. Nikada poslije toga tvrđava nije obnavljana. The significance of Vrana to the medieval Croatian history was closely connected with three religious communities: the Benedictines, the Knights Templar, and the Knights Hospitaller. Arrival of these three orders in Vrana and their cultural and political influence was conditioned by the medieval circumstances in Croatia and by the Roman Pope. Vrana had become one of the most important centers of political life, especially in the period from 1070. After the pope's deputies crowned him as the king of the Croatia, King Zvonimir Dmitar in 1076 donated the city of Vrana and Benedictine monastery of St. Gregory, as a sign of loyalty to Pope Gregory VII. Vrana is a first permanent diplomatic headquarters of pope's deputies in the entire Slavic area. Insignia of Croatian Kingdom were held within Vrana's walls for a long time. Consequentlys, Coloman of Hungary in 1102 came to the coronation in Biograd, as nearest royal residence. In the 12th century, the church donated this property to Knights Templar. At that time, Vrana was fortified with walls and towers and a moat. There are assumptions that the present ruins of a fortified facility above the village were part of a fortified town with a church. After Knights Templars, Vrana was the property of the Knights Hospitallers from 1312. The Ottoman Empire conquered Vrana in 1537, and it remained under their control for a century, before the Republic of Venice took it in the Candian War and Morean War.[1]

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Ehaqrf Ybpu nz Obqra uvagre Fgrvara
Bxehtyn ehcn an cbqh vmn xnzrawn
Ebhaq ubyr va gur jnyy haqre fgbarf

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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Last Updated: on 10/9/2017 3:47:32 AM Pacific Daylight Time (10:47 AM GMT)
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

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