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Dubrovnik - Gruž

A cache by HR_s00va Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 12/26/2014
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Geocache Description:


Gruž (Italian: Gravosa) (also called St. Croce) is a modern-day neighborhood in the greater city of Dubrovnik, Croatia. The main port for Dubrovnik is in Gruž as well as its largest market and the main bus station "Libertas". Around 15,000 people currently live in Gruž. While historically a manufacturing and industrial base for Dubrovnik, these days, the primarily residential neighborhood is about 2 km northwest of the more famous Old City.

From the 13th century and greatly through the 16th, Gruž was a far more separate town from Dubrovnik that provided a summer retreat for the inhabitants of the Republic of Ragusa. The shores, like those of Ombla, are populated with a great many stone homes and former summer palaces that are surrounded by cultivated grounds.

Starting in December, 1920, Gruž was the terminus point for the now defunct Dubrovnik tram that ceased running in 1970 following a deadly accident where the tram slipped off its rails and landed in the park in front of Pile Gate. The line has since been replaced by bus routes.

Located in a naturally protected bay, the port is able to accommodate large passenger cruise ships. Ferries run from the port to the Elaphiti Islands and Mljet regularly. There is also a customs building for ferries that are international arrivals, specifically from Bari.

Gruž sits right at the entrance to Port Ombla. It is directly across the water from Cantafigo point, which lacks anchorage points due to the shores and the bottom of the inlet being immersed by banks of mud, deposited during heavy rains. Vessels belonging to Dubrovnik spend their winters at Gruž. Violent squalls descend from the highlands bring the cold, northerly bora, but the waters in the bay of Gruž remain calm.

Gruž je stambeno i poslovno naselje u Dubrovniku izgrađeno u nekoliko faza od ranog 13. stoljeća i još uvijek se gradi. Sastoji se od obiteljskih kuća, stambenih zgrada i nebodera, te brojnih poslovnih zgrada.

Gruž se, u odnosu na Stari grad, nalazi 2 km zapadno na južnim padinama brda Srđ, iznad gruškog zaljeva.

Obuhvaća predio grada od rta Kantafig na zapadu do prevlake za poluotok Lapad i Ilijine glavice na istoku, te od Jadranske turističke ceste na sjeveru do obale zaljeva pomorske luke Gruž na jugu.

Gruž je bio prvo veće naselje izvan zidina starog Grada u čijem je zaljevu dubrovačka vlastela za vrijeme Dubrovačke Republike gradila svoje vile i ljetnikovce. Gradnja lijepo uređenih kuća započela je u 13. stoljeću, a ekspanziju doživjela u ranom 16. stoljeću. Razvojem grada razvijao se i Gruž pa je s vremenom postao stambeno, poslovno, industrijsko i trgovačko središte Dubrovnika u kojem je teretno-putnička luka, a u naselju je bio i željeznički kolodvor te sve dubrovačke tvornice.

Stanovnici Gruža su za vrijeme Domovinskog rata odigrali veliku ulogu u obrani Dubrovnika od agresije i osvajnja juga Hrvatske, pa je tako u Gružu u svibnju 1991. godine osnovan prvi dragovoljački odred grada Dubrovnika čiji zapovjednik je bio pukovnik Krešo Klarić. Tijekom rata u potpunosti je uništena hladnjača u luci Gruž, a brojni stambeni i poslovni objekti te brodice i brodovi u Gružu i gruškoj luci su oštećeni ili u potpunosti izgorjeli.

Dne 6. lipnja 2003. godine, tijekom pastoralnog pohoda Hrvatskoj, papa Ivan Pavao II. je, na oltaru postavljenom u gruškoj luci, proglasio blaženom Mariju Propetog Isusa Petković te nakon toga održao propovijed pred oko 50.000 vjernika iz Dubrovnika i onih pristiglih iz svih krajeva Hrvatske i BiH. U spomen na taj događaj, ulica koja vodi od Kantafiga do gruške tržnice prozvana je ulicom Pape Ivana Pavla II. U toj istoj ulici kraj crkve Sv. Križa podignut je spomenik u njegovu čast.

 

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Nagran

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A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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