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1: Roebuck Aboriginal Site

A cache by South Nation Conservation Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 10/01/2015
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:


This geocache is one of twenty Historical Geo-Passport geocaches within the South Nation Jurisdiction. For more information on this series of geocaches, please visit South_Nation.

This is a Multicache. To find the geocache, use the information found at the posted coordinates to answer the following questions:

How many years ago was the original village here?
How many people occupied the site?
How many longhouses were there here?
Add the three numbers together, then divide the sum by 10. Add this number to the last 3 digits of the following North and West coordinates: N 44 48.164 W 075 35.998.



Histoire / History:

L’histoire de la rivière Nation Sud et de son bassin versant serait incomplète sans mentionner les premiers humains à vivre dans la région. Les régions autochtones les plus actives remontent aux années 1300-1500 ; elles persistèrent jusqu’à la disparition des Iroquoiens du Saint-Laurent après la visite de Jacques Cartier à Hochelaga (Montréal) en 1535.

Les villages iroquoiens se composaient de longues maisons entourées de palissades. Les bords du fleuve Saint-Laurent comptaient plusieurs de ces villages, de la rivière Trent jusqu’au nord-est du Nouveau-Brunswick. Cette plaque historique nous rappelle qu’il y a de cela environ 500 ans, une communauté agricole iroquoienne était située dans cette région, à un kilomètre du village actuel de Roebuck. Selon les enseignements des peuples Mohawks, ceux qui se sont installés ici prenaient seulement ce dont ils avaient besoin et Mère Nature produisait la faune et la flore nécessaire pour vivre.

Aujourd’hui, la Conservation de la Nation Sud travaille en étroite collaboration avec ses partenaires les Mohawks d’Akwesasne et d’autres communautés des Premières Nations dont les Algonquins d’Ontario, pour préserver et intégrer le savoir traditionnel dans la gestion des ressources naturelles.

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No part of the history of the South Nation River and its watershed would be complete without reference to the first human inhabitants to live here. Approximately 500 years ago, an Iroquois agricultural community was located in this area. Evidence confirms the presence of hunter gathers were availing themselves of the riches the area offered. According to the teachings of the Mohawk people, the people who settled here took only what they needed and that Mother Earth would ensure that they had plants and wildlife to sustain them. The men would hunt and trap the abundant wild game which included deer and bear, turkey, rabbits and other wild game. The women became advanced farmers, growing different varieties of corn, beans and squash. At other time the women and children would search the area for edible tubers and wild onions. Wild greens and nuts, mushrooms and maple syrup, and of course important medicinal plants which are still collected today. The South Nation Conservation Authority works closely with our native partners from Akwesasne and is reintroducing wild rices along the river study their impact on stream populations and soil erosion.

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