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Way to Fort Hermann!

A cache by werdl Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 01/03/2016
2 out of 5
2 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

[E] This Cache can be found near Fort Kluze on the way up to Fort Hermann or Rombon!

[D] Diese Cache liegt in der Nähe des Fort Kluze auf dem Weg empor zum Fort Hermann bzw. zum Rombon.

[E] Kluže Fortress stands at the top of a narrow canyon between the slopes of Rombon and Izgora, which is shaped by the Koritnica River north of Bovec. It was erected as a control post at the crossing of the river. The time of origin of the older fortress at this site is not known, but a wooden building stood there already in the second half of the 15th century to defend the Friuli Plain and the Venetian Republic against the Turks. In the year 1509 the Austrians built new walls. The fortress was probably renewed and expanded after the earthquake of 1511. Rebuilding in the second half of the 17th century turned it into a more pleasant residence. In 1797 the French army burnt down and destroyed the medieval fortress. The new, present fortress was built on the same pass over the river in the years 1881-1882. Above Kluže an additional upper fortress, Fort Hermann, was built in 1906. Only the ruins of tohis upper fortress remain as it was destroyed by cannon grenades in 1915. In the lower part of the mull track which leads to the upper fortress, a tunnel was dug where there was a cannon nest with three loopholes during World War I. The lower fortress stood more in the shelter and so it survived the storms of war. It was used for placing new recruits immediately behind the front line. The core of the fortress has a ground plan the shape of a rounded square. Two sides are enclosed by one-floor stone fortress buildings with underground residential and additional areas. The side by the road is closed off by the lower tract, and the fourth side is formed as the fortress wall. In the outer walls the fortress has funnel-shaped loopholes. In the inner walls, turned toward the yard, the openings are larger. After World War II the fortress lost its strategic importance and therefore fell into disrepair. Since 1987 it has been continuously renovated. Inside there is a smaller tourist office, a presentation of the history of the fortress and its surroundings, a local painting gallery and a wedding hall. In the fortress Kluže re-enactments with soldiers in uniforms and with the equipment from the period of World War I are regularly performed.

[G] Die Festung Kluže steht nördlich von Bovec oberhalb einer schmalen, von der Koritnica geformten Klamm zwischen den Berghängen des Rombon und der Izgora. Wann genau die Festung, die den Flussübergang kontrollierte, entstanden ist, ist nicht überliefert. Jedenfalls befand sich an dieser Stelle schon in der 2. Hälfte des 15. Jh. ein venezianischer Stützpunkt aus Holz, um die Friauler Ebene und Venetien vor den Türkeneinfällen zu schützen. 1509 errichteten Österreicher neue Wehrmauern, vermutlich nach dem Erdbeben in 1511 ließen sie die Festung renovieren und ausbauen. Die Umbauten in der 2. Hälfte des 17. Jh. bewirkten, dass die Festung wohnlicher wurde. Die mittelalterliche Festung wurde 1797 vom französischen Heer niedergebrannt. Die neue, jetzige Festung Kluže entstand an derselben Stelle in den Jahren 1881-1882. Oberhalb der Festung Kluže wurde noch eine zweite errichtet, das Fort Hermann. Die Arbeiten waren 1906 beendet. Vom Fort Hermann, das 1915 mit Granaten beschossen wurde, sind nur noch Ruinen übrig geblieben. Im unteren Teil des Steiges, der die beiden Festungen verband, befand sich ein Tunnel, in dem im I. Weltkrieg ein Kanonennest versteckt war.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Frr fcbvyre

Decryption Key


(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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