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Rupnikova linija - The Rupnik line

A cache by Asterix. Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 7/3/2016
In Croatia
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
2.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.

George Washington
 


HR
Rupnikova linija je sistem utvrđenja ili linija obrane koju je započela raditi Kraljevina Jugoslavija 1925. godine. Radila se kao odgovor na Vallo Alpino (talijanski sistem utvrđenja). Linija nikad nije služila svojoj svrsi jer je napuštena prije napada Italije u Travanjskom ratu. Dobila je ime po tadašnjem Jugoslavenskom generalu Leonu Rupniku, slovenskog podrijetla.Gradnja na "Rupnikovoj liniji" počela je 1935. godine. Te godine bile su formirane posebne građevinske ekipe, koje su brojile 15.000 ljudi. Raspoređene su bile u 12 odjeljenja. 5 ih je radilo prema granici sa Italijom, 1 na granici prema Austriji, 5 prema granici sa Mađarskom.
 
Od 1935 do 1937 većinom su radili vojnici, koji su izgradili infrastrukturu i ceste. Do 1940. godine, broj graditelja je povećan na 40.000 ljudi. Gradili su se većinom bunkeri i podzemna utvrđenja. Većina materijala za gradnju (čelik) uvoženo je iz Češke. Poslije 01.09.1939 (početak II. svj. rata) izgradnju je preuzela vojska. Regrutirala je rezerviste i tako riješila problem radne snage. Linija je prema nacrtima trebala biti gotova do 1947. godine. Nacrti su bili pravljeni prema francuskim i češkim utvrđenjima u dvije obrambene crte. Linija nije nikad služila svojoj svrsi. Poslije okupacije je linija uništena u talijanskoj okupacionoj zoni, dok su je Njemci sačuvali. Poslije II. svj. rata linija nije održavana i danas propada, osim pojedinih objekata koji su zaštićeni.

 

EN

The Rupnik Line is a system of fortifications or line of defense, which construction began in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1925. This was a response to the Vallo Alpino (Italian system of fortifications). The line never served its purpose because it was abandoned before the attack of  Italy in April's War. It was named after the Yugoslav general Leon Rupnik, from Slovenia. The construction of "Rupnik line" began in 1935. In those years special construction crews were formed, which numbered 15,000 people. They were distributed in 12 departments. 5 of them were to the border with Italy, one on the border with Austria, 5 to the border with Hungary.

From 1935 to 1937 the working majority were the soldiers, who built the infrastructure and roads. By 1940, the number of builders has increased to 40,000 people. They built mostly underground bunkers and fortifications. Most of the construction materials (steel) was imported from the Czech Republic. After 01/09/1939 (start WWII) building was taken over by the army.They recruited the reservists and thus solved the problem of the labor force. According to the plans the line was supposed to be completed by 1947. Plans were based on French and Czech fortifications in two defensive lines. The line has never served its purpose. After the occupation, the line was destroyed in the Italian occupation zone, while the Germans saved it. After WWII the line was not maintained and today it is still decaying, except few individual objects which are protected.

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Last Updated: on 11/6/2017 7:35:32 AM (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada) (3:35 PM GMT)
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

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