The village is named in the Domesday Book as "Barchestune", and the name probably means "the farmstead of a man called Barkr."
The present route of the A607 through the village dates from the 1930s. The River Witham passes through the west of the village.
To the east, on top of the Jurassic limestone escarpment, RAF Barkston Heath stands next to the course of Ermine Street.
The ecclesiastical parish of Barkston belongs to the Barkston and Hough group of parishes in the Deanery of Loveden and Diocese of Lincoln.
If anybody would like to expand the Village Sign Series, please do. I would ask that you let Smokeypugs know first at www.villagesignseries.co.uk so they can keep track of the Village Sign numbers and names to avoid duplication.