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## Centralia, The Burning Town

Hidden : 07/05/2005
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### Geocache Description:

Located on Rt 61 just a few miles North of Ashland PA. Centralia is located in a valley in the heart of the Anthracite region. ***** NOTE***** Change as of 7/27/2005 I will now allow any photograph of a cacher with GPS that shows beyond doubt that you were in Centralia or the nearby town of Byrnsville which was also evacuated due to the fire.

The above coordinates will take you to the center of Centralia PA. Centralia - Columbia County, Pennsylvania - The fire was started in a garbage dump over an open coal seam in May of 1962. The fire was reported and seemed to be quenched at the time, but actually continued underground. There are many additional versions of the original cause but the garbage pit and the date are probably right. First bid to extinguish the fire was $175. In July of 1962, the Department of Environmental Resources started to monitor the fire. Boreholes were drilled to check to extent and the temperature of the fire. Some thought they also provided an natural draft which helped combustion. Gas monitors were also installed in most homes in the area above the hottest fire (the impact area). On May 22, 1969 the first three families were moved from Centralia. A trench was dug north of the Odd Fellows Cemetery where fly ash and clay seals were used in am attempt to put out the fire. According to Tony Gaughan (quoted in "Slow Burn"), if the trench had been dug in three shifts per day instead of one and if they had worked through the Labor Day holiday, the fire would have been contained. He said the project was$50,000 short of completion. In 1980, the U.S. Bureau of Mines "Red Book" said, "The Centralia mine fire has not been extinguished and has not been controlled." In the year twenty-seven more families were moved at a price that was comparatively less than later buy-outs. On February 14, 1981, the ground collapsed under Todd Domboski. A hole about 4 feet in diameter and roughly 150 feet deep had opened under him. He clung to exposed tree roots and was pulled to safety by his cousin. The heat or the carbon monoxide in the breach would have been sufficient to kill him instantly if he had gone just a little deeper. This incident provoked the first national media attention. By 1983, the government said the fire was advancing on three or four fronts. Proposed trenching of the area might cost as much as $660 million with no guarantee of success. One of the larger trenches would have bisected the town roughly from east to west. A government buy-out was proposed instead of the trenching and there was a referendum held. The homeowners voted to accept the buy-out 345 to 200. Only those whose names were on the deeds could vote. From 1962 to 1984,$7 million had been spent. In November of 1983, \$42 million was voted for the buy-out. In 1983, there was fire under about 350 surface acres. By 1991, this area had been increased by about three-quarters. Worst case scenario would be about 3700 acres and possibly a hundred years. Finally 26 homes along Route 61 west of town were bought in April of 1991. There were no further plans to fight the fire. The population of Centralia as of 4/18/97 was 44 people and has dwindled since. There are just a few scattered homes today remaining in the town along with the borough hall. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania owns the remaining homes. The monetary value of each property is in escrow or tied up in the legal system. Until the remaining people move, the future of this town is unknown. The State is being very lenient at this time. The State owns the homes but the remaining people are still paying the property taxes on the houses. ABOVE INFORMATION FROM http://www.offroaders.com/album/centralia/the-story.htm PLEASE NOTE,

Use EXTREME CAUTION in the area! The fire is still active and venting gasses. Stick to paved areas and well used trails, BUSHWHACKING MAY BE DANGEROUS. Locals do still have walking trails in the area though. To log this cache, please upload a photo of you and your party near the Underground Mine Fire Warning signs at the detoru on RT 61 or in front of the Fire Dept building. If solo caching, a photo of your GPS in front of either location will be acceptible.
Note NEW LOGGING REQUIREMENT TO COMPLY WITH GEOCACHING.COM REQUIREMENTS You must complete one of the following educational tasks;
1. Research and post some aspect of the history of the fire, or mines that were in Centralia and post the information in your log.

2. Research another Coal mine fire, posting the following information, Name & Location of mine fire, dates of fire (start/end/ongoing) any evacuations due to fire. Fires in culm (waste coal) piles also acceptable.

3. Research and post some information on Anthracite coal and or Anthracite mining.

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