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Victoria regia

A cache by Mel-Man Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 12/03/2005
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

Botanicka zahrada UK v Praze 2, Na Slupi ma ve svem skleniku exemplare viktorii kralovskych, ktere pochazeji z Amazonie. List unese i male dite a kvet kvete jen 48 hodin. Kvet vykvete jako bily, aby ke konci prvniho dne zruzovel a na konci druheho dne byl temne fialovy.

HISTORIE

Dnesni botanicka zahrada mezi ulicemi Benatskou, Na Slupi, Apolinarskou a Vinicnou mela sve historicke predchudce. Nejstarsi prazska botanicka zahrada byla zalozena ve 14. stol. na miste dnesni hlavni posty v Jindrisske ulici. Od roku 1600 meli jezuite botanickou zahradu v miste dnesniho predsednictva vlady na Male Strane. Ta byla po zruseni radu prodana. Roku 1775 dala zridit Marie Terezie na Smichove novou botanickou zahradu (dnesni ulice V Botanice), kterou pozdeji vlastnila prazska univerzita. Rozkladala se priblizne v mistech proti smichovskemu predmosti Jiraskova mostu. Zahrada vsak trpela zaplavami i prumyslem, zrusena byla r. 1902. Dnesni Dienzenhoferovy sady jsou zbytkem, teto zahrady. Stat koupil v r. 1890 pro prazskou univerzitu byvalou Spolecenskou zahradu, ktera se od r. 1845 nachazela v miste dnesni botanicke zahrady Na Slupi a ktera mela jiz od r. 1882 sklenikovy komplex postaveny jako vystavni pavilony. V letech 1897 a 1898 sem byly ze Smichova preneseny mobilni sbirky a byly pristaveny skleniky. Botanicka zahrada byla tehdy rozdelena mezi ceskou a nemeckou cast univerzity. Obe casti byly slavnostne otevreny roku 1898. Po uzavreni ceskych vysokych skol byly zahrady spojeny (ceska existovala jako tzv. ceske oddeleni) az do roku 1945. Nalet na Prahu 14.2.1945 zcela znicil nemecke skleniky a poskodil ceske. Zahrady byly posleze spojeny pod nazvem Botanicka zahrada Univerzity Karlovy, nemecke skleniky jiz nikdy nebyly obnoveny, ceske byly v letech 1946-1949 zcela prestaveny. K zahrade byl pripojen sousedni svah o plose cca 1800 m2 a na nem vybudovano velke alpinum. Byly vybudovany nove skleniky, ktere slouzily az do r. 1995.

 
Od r. 1992 byla zahrada revitalizovana, v letech 1996 - 99 probehla uplna rekonstrukce sklenikoveho komplexu z r. 1946. Zasklena plocha dnes cini 1700 m2, zavlazovani, vytapeni a vetrani je rizeno pocitaci.
(Z web. stranek PIS a Prirodovedecke fakulty UK)



Uvodni souradnice N 50°04.245' E 014°25.164' by vas mely privest ke vchodu do arealu Botanicke zahrady Prirodovedecke fakulty UK v Praze.
Na kratke trase s nekolika zastavenimi si muzete spocitat finalni souradnice.


TRASA MULTICACHE
Stage 1
N 50°04.254' E 014°25.222'
Stojite u kmene stromu Pterocarya fraxinifolia (lapina jasanolista). Meli byste spocitat, kolika lany a remeny je zpevnena jeho mohutna koruna. => A

Stage 2
N 50°04.265' E 014°25.225'
Celkovy pocet drevenych ohrazeni na dohled v okoli => B

Stage 3
N 50°04.269' E 014°25.248'
Pocet hrotu jeskynni mrize => C

Stage 4
N 50°04.268' E 014°25.254'
Kym vsim byl prof. Krajina? Pocet pojmenovani => D

Stage 5
N 50°04.242' E 014°25.245'
Prohlednete si jinan Ginkgo biloba a vstupte do refugia. Zde spocitejte chybejici hlavy => E

Stage 6
N 50°04.230' E 014°25.277'
Pocet v zemi zapustenych kruhovych nadob (prumer 150cm) na vodni rostliny => F

FINAL STAGE

N 50°04.E(C-E)(A-B)'
E 014°25.DD[F-(B+D+E)]'



OTEVIRACI DOBA
skleniky 10.00 -17.00
exteriery 10.00 -18.00 (v zime 10.00-16.00)

VSTUPNE
... vybira se jen do skleniku a na vystavy, exteriery maji volny vstup (ale za snehu a naledi muze byt zavreno!!!).
Zakladni vstupne je 15 Kc dospeli, 10 Kc deti/studenti, 5 Kc duchodci, 25 Kc rodinne vstupne (min.2+1).


EXPOZICE
... jsou rozdeleny na sklenikove a venkovni (exteriery). Ve sklenicich stoji za zminku exemplare cykasu, kamelie, myrty a dalsi rostliny pochazejici ze sbirek nekdejsi smichovske univerzitni zahrady z 19. stoleti.



TATO CACHE JE ZARAZENA DO TEMATICKE SERIE


Z venkovnich expozic je vyznamny unikatni exemplar jinanu dvoulalocneho, Ginkgo biloba cv. Praga, ve skutecnosti jakasi nekdejsi obri bonsaj, jejiz stari se odhaduje na priblizne 130 let.
Tento strom je jediny sveho druhu na svete!

V nezmenene podobe zustala jen expozice hajni kveteny a skalka z hlubocepskeho vapence tzv. Karlstejn, obe z r. 1904 a expozice lecivych rostlin ze zacatku 20. st. Pozoruhodna je expozice azalek a penisniku, skleniky pritahuji nejvice v dobe, kdy kvete proslula Victoria regia. /Jak mi napsal prof. Vetvicka: "Viktorky (kralovska nebo Cruzova) obvykle kvetou v cervenci-zari..."/

Medailonek prof. Vetvicky


ENGLISH
/thanks to "drevokocur" for conversion/
University Botanical Gardens
Open daily Jan-Mar 10am-5pm, Mar-Oct 10am-6pm, Nov-Dec 10am-4pm; admission charge for the glasshouse; trams 18 and 24.

History
First set out in 1897, and one of the few stretches of greenery in Nove Mesto, the University Botanical Gardens are a delightful haven of peace; all the specimens are labelled and the gardens are dotted with modern sculptures. The winding paths, rockeries and pools mean there are lots of quiet nooks and crannies to explore. The highlight is a beautiful series of restored pre-war greenhouses, dripping with tropical vegetation and including a lovely lily pond.

MULTICACHE TRACK
These coordinates will get you to the entrance of the Garden.
Most interesting facts:
This place has a tradition of growing exotic plants for more than one hundred years.
There is a unique plant "Ginkgo biloba cv. Praga" to be seen only here.
The greenhouses where bombed down at the end of the WWII. Nowadays it is completely reconstructed and the enviroment is controlled by computers.
Next:
N 50°04.254' E 014°25.222' At the trunk of Pterocarya fraxinifolia. Count how many ropes and belts are used to fix its crown => A
N 50°04.265' E 014°25.225' The number of wooden fences to be seen from this place => B
N 50°04.269' E 014°25.248' The number of the spikes of the cave grate => C
N 50°04.268' E 014°25.254' How many denomination did professor Krajina have? => D
N 50°04.242' E 014°25.245' Notice Ginkgo biloba and enter the refugium. Count missing heads here => E
N 50°04.230' E 014°25.277' The number of the flower pots for water plants built into the floor => F
The final coordinates are:
N 50°04.E(C-E)(A-B)'
E 014°25.DD[F-(B+D+E)]'


Datum posledni kontrolni navstevy: 9.8.2009


KARMA Cache byla bez poruseni zakazu nedostupna. Aktualne jiz neni na puvodnim miste (TB je v poradku). Pripravuji verzi VR II.
KEŠKY

OVERTE SI SOURADNICE

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[CZ] zbman an av fgbwvgr
[EN] znlor lbh ner fgnaqvat gurerba

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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