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Kuks-konecne i tradicne (finally traditional)

A cache by H+ & Alca Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 12/23/2007
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

CZ: Mrknete se na Kuks z trochu netradicniho pohledu.
EN: Take a look at Kuks from a bit non-traditional view.


Kuks

CZ: Kuks je jiste vsem zname a nadherne misto a popsany o nem byly stohy ruznych pruvodcu - ovsem z hlediska geocachingu ma ponekud handicap. Cache tam je (a uz pekne dlouho), ale jeji odlov neni jednoduchy, pro sber indicii se musi clovek vydat navstivit dalsi stavby hrabete Sporka v Polabi a rozhodne to neni cache na kratky nedelni vylet.

S jeho historii je svazan krasny pripad slavy a upadku, ktery se odehral dlouho pred nasimi casy a ktery mne zaujal, protoze jsem o nem az donedavna vubec nevedel. Ale jelikoz je o mne znamo, jaky jsem dobrak, tak se s vami podelim. :D

Historie lazni a jejich zridelni zakladna

Socharska dila u Kuksu jsou na seznamu nejohrozenejsich svetovych pamatek. Tento barokni komplex lecebnych zarizeni byl promyslenou investici. Hrabe F.A.Spork ho zacal budovat v roce 1692 podle projektu G. B. Alliprandiho v malebnem labskem udoli, ktere se nehodilo pro zemedelstvi, protoze bylo prilis zamokrene. Na levem brehu Labe byla postavena lazenska budova a v udoli Labe byly zrizeny upravene stezky kolem zachycenych lecivych pramenu. Lazne byly uvedeny do provozu jiz v roce 1695 a rychle ziskaly klientelu. V roce 1702 bylo v Kuksu postaveno divadlo a v dalsich letech byly lazenske cesty, vyzdobene plastikami Matyase Brauna, prodlouzeny az k Novemu lesu u Zirce, kde vznikl socharsky komplex Betlem.

V roce 1707 byl na navrsi na pravem brehu Labe postaven naproti lazenske budove klaster Milosrdnych bratri se spitalem a pred nim kostel Nejsvetejsi Trojice s rozsahlou kryptou pro zemrele. Spital mel velikou dobre vybavenou lekarnu a zasobovaly ho vodou tri studny vytesane do piskovce. Nejmelci z nich je hluboka 17 m a mela by dost vody asi tak pro moderni dvojdomek, takze pri tehdejsich malych narocich mohla uspokojit bezne potreby asi sedmdesati lidi. Na uklid spitalu a na zalevani rozlehle zahrady ale stacit nemohla a jeji prohlubovani bylo ukonceno, kdyz se v ni pritok ani s rostouci hloubkou nezvysoval. Zato hloubeni dalsich dvou studni, hlubokych 21 a 22 m, bylo zastaveno az kdyz se nepodarilo zvladnout neustale se zvysujici pritok proste kridove vody.

Zridelni zakladna lazni byla uz od pocatku problematicka, protoze zachycene „lecive prameny“ v udoli Labe jimaly jen prostou melkou podzemni vodu a z hlavnich pramenu u lazenske budovy dokonce vytekala zdravotne podezrela voda, ktera naprsela a vsakla do zeme primo v mestecku Kuks. Hrabe Spork se sice asi pokousel nalezt pro sve lazne skutecnou mineralni vodu, ale bez uspechu. Bez mineralniho zridla nemohl Kuks v narustajici konkurenci zapadoceskych lazni obstat a tak uz za dva roky po smrti hrabete Sporka dovrsila upadek lazni velka povoden, ktera v roce 1740 znicila zachycene prameny v udoli Labe. Pro maly zajem klientu uz nebyly nikdy obnoveny a lazne upadly v zapomenuti. Tam, kde kdysi vedly upravene lazenske cesty kolem lecivych pramenu a vytesanych kamennych plastik, je dnes v sirokem okoli Kuksu jenom neschudny luzni les a rozlehla mokra luka lezici ladem.

(zdroj: Hledani lecivych pramenu pro hospital Kuks, autor: RNDr. Petr Cizek, http://www.geolog.cz/kuks/)

K samotnemu odlovu: Teren byl ohodnocen dvojkou, coz plati v pripade sucha nebo mrazu. Vemte si sebou dobre blatoslapky, at potom nenadavate autorovi, ze vas nevaroval. ;)

Hodne stesti pri hledani!


EN: Kuks is a quite well-know tourist destination and a beautiful place. Tons of various guides describe the area – but from the geocaching point of view it has a bit of handicap. A cache is placed there (and has been for quite long) but in order to find it you have to visit other objects built by Earl Spork near Lysa nad Labem and for sure it is not a short Sunday trip.

History of Kuks is tied with a nice example of fame and decay that happened long before our times and it got my attention mainly because I had no clue about it until recently. Since everybody knows what a good guy I am, I will share the story with you. :D

History of the spa and its spring base

The statues in Kuks are currently on the list of most threatened cultural monuments. But this baroque complex of health curing facilities was a well-considered investment. Earl F. A. Spork started to build it in 1692 according to the project by G. B. Alliprandi in picturesque valley by the Elbe river which was not very suitable for agriculture as it was too swamped. On the left bank of Elbe, he built a spa facility and in the valley formed trails around the healing springs. The spa was launched in 1695 (no messing around, huh?) and quickly got its clientele. In 1702 there was a theater built in Kuks and followed by extending new spa trails decorated with statues by Matyas Braun to nearby Zirec where the “Bethlehem” complex was founded.

On a hill on the right bank of Elbe, there was a new monastery with hospital built in 1707 and in front of it a new church of the Holy Trinity and large crypt for the dead. Hospital apothecary was well equipped and supplied with water from three wells dug in the sandstone. The shallowest of them was 17 meters deep and had enough water for about 70 people at those times (current consumption for a modern double house).

The spring base was a bit problematic from the beginning because the found “healing springs” in the Elbe valley collected only regular underground water and the main springs near the spa building had water that was a bit suspicious from the medical view, as it was rainwater collected in the area. Earl Spork tried to find real spring water for his spa but with no success. Without a real springs Kuks could no longer cope with the increasing competition from spas in the west Bohemia and two years after earl Spork’s death was its spa decay crowned by a big flooding that destroyed all collected water springs in the Elbe valley in 1740. For low interest from potential clients, Kuks spa was never renewed and soon forgotten. Where once spa trails around the springs and famous statues were, there are nowadays only impassable riverine forests and spacious swamped grasslands with no use.

(Source: Hledani lecivych pramenu pro hospital Kuks / Searching for healing springs in the Kuks area, author: RNDr. Petr Cizek, http://www.geolog.cz/kuks/, translation by H+)

Hint for hunting: Terrain is ranked 2, which applies only to dry or frozen surface. Take good mud-stodge shoes so you don’t have to curse the cache owner that he has not warned you. ;)

Good luck when searching!

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

cbq prcvpv (ivp zbmabfgv) :) | haqre gur ung (zber bcgvbaf) :)

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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