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For two thousand years Bath has been a spa town, built around Britain’s only hot mineral springs. For centuries this natural phenomenon has attracted visitors to Bath, and led to a unique historic urban environment around the springs.
The Springs gave Bath 2,000 years of history, beautiful Georgian architecture and Bath becoming the UK’s first World Heritage City. The thermal waters rise from a depth of about 3000m at a rate l.l million litres/day and a constant temperature of 46.5C. The waters originated as rainwater which fell on the Mendip Hills between 20— 80,000 years ago. They reach the surface in three places in the city centre, and baths have been built over each one. The water is heated by geothermal action and these springs in Bath emerge at the highest temperature in the UK.
The Saxons and Normans made use of the thermal waters for curative purposes. By the late 16th century there were baths attracting the poor and leprous to the city’s hospitals and almshouses in search of healing and relief from discomfort. Visits to the city’s baths by members of the royal family and the court during the 17th century helped establish Bath as a fashionable watering place.
The "Pump Rooms" were the Victorians' addition to the Roman Baths. Bath was built by the Romans around its hot spring waters around 2,000 years ago. The Victorians re-discovered the Roman Baths and they have since been restored to a magnificent condition.
In order to find this cache you will need a picture at this location and to answer a question. You must physically visit this location to log this cache. Please follow these instructions at the location:
1. Take a photograph of the entrance to the Roman Baths or Pump Rooms (opposite side of the building to the coordinates) including your GPS in the photo (do not include a photo which includes the answer to the following question).
2. Find the stone wall plaque in the side street. What does the plaque say about the first use of these Hot Springs?
3. Adjacent to the plaque there is a wall topped by a stone balustrade (this is the same wall that the plaque is set in). This wall runs alongside the main bath, estimate its length to tell me the length of the Roman bath inside. (You may find your GPS is a useful tool for this measurement).
When you wish to log a find for this cache then please follow the following instructions:
1. Send us your answer to the above questions. a) To do this from the app, click the “Log Earthcache” and then “Send Answers” links. b) to do this from the cache page, click the “message this owner” link.
2. Now log your find. You don’t need to wait for an answer to your message. We will only contact you if your answer is wrong.
3. Upload your picture to your log if required. This is how to do this: Once you have typed your log and clicked the link marked “log my find” then you will get a new page including your log and a link “upload image”. Follow the instructions and upload your photo.
You can walk round the baths in the Roman Baths Museum, the entrance is on the opposite side of this building. This is an excellent museum which we have visited recently and is suitable for all ages. More details are on this website www.romanbaths.co.uk/.
For more information on the City of Bath and the Roman Baths visit (visit link)
Today you can once again bathe in the hot spring water at the new Thermae Bath Spa. These impressive baths are an experience but rather expensive, details here. www.thermaebathspa.com/
You can also drink the spring water in the Pump Rooms Tea room. Don’t. It’s foul.
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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum