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The Valley of the Kings (Arabic : Wadi Biban el-Muluk; "Gates of the King")
The valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC , tombs were constructed for the kings and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom (the Eighteenth through Twentieth Dynasties of Ancient Egypt ). The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile , across from Thebes (modern Luxor ), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis . The wadi consists of two valleys, East Valley (where the majority of the royal tombs situated) and West Valley. The area has been a focus of concentrated archaeological and egyptological exploration since the end of the eighteenth century , and its tombs and burials continue to stimulate research and interest. In modern times the valley has become famous for the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun (with its rumours of the Curse of the Pharaohs ), and is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. In 1979, it became a World Heritage Site , along with the rest of the Theban Necropolis.
During the Pleistocene the valley was carved out the plateau by steady rains. There is currently little year-round rain in this part of Egypt, but there are occasional flash floods which hit the valley, dumping tons of debris into the open tombs. The quality of the rock in the Valley is inconsistent, ranging from finely-grained to coarse stone, the latter with the potential to be structurally unsound. The occasional layer of shale also caused construction and conservation difficulties, as this rock expands in the presence of water, forcing apart the stone surrounding it. It is thought that some tombs were altered in shape and size depending on the types of the layers of rock the builders encountered
The Theban Hills are dominated by the peak of al-Qurn , known to the Ancient Egyptians as ta dehent, or 'The Peak'. It has a pyramid shaped appearance, and it is probable that this echoed the pyramids of the Old Kingdom , more than a thousand years prior to the first royal burials carved here. Its isolated position also resulted in reduced access, and special tomb police (the Medjay ) were able to guard the necropolis. While the iconic pyramid complexes of the Giza plateau have come to symbolize ancient Egypt, the majority of tombs were in fact cut into rock. Most pyramids and mastabas contain sections which are cut into ground level, and there are full rock-cut tombs in Egypt that date back to the Old Kingdom.
1. The types of soil?
2. What is the name of discoverer Tutankhamun tombs?
3. What dynasti here bury?
4. On what side Nil valley lies?
Then please attach your photo in the place Valley of the Kings in accordance with attached spoiler and the photo any tombs with her coordinates. Email your answers to: firstname.lastname@example.org , subject: „Earth-Valley of the Kings “.
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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum