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Lomnický štít (Lomnický peak)
is one of the highest and most visited mountain peaks
in the High Tatras mountains, in Slovakia.
The most popular and most famous peak of the High Tatras is the
Lomnický Peak (2634 m).
The triangular top of the peak (high above the surrounding land) is connected to three ridges.
The north-western ridge joins the main ridge of the High Tatras passing Pyšný and Baranie Saddle.
In the north-east direction it is followed by a crotch passing the Kežmarský and Malý (Small) Kežmarský Peak.
The third ridge - Lomnický Ridge, passes Lomnické Saddle in the south, south-east of the Lomnický Peak.
In past it was called "Granddad" and seemed to be the highest one.
Structure high Tater. Crystallic kernel is formed from granite and slate. Deposits mesozoic era contain calcify, dolomite, quartize, slate, different sorts of conglomerates and sandstone. Kernel arose in Palaeozoic (Carbon). Sea retreated in Mesozoic era and started erosion. In Trias sea again rised and shake down sediments (calcite). Tatry Mountains be part of land at the end period Cetraceous Period. Major formation was "alpine creasing". End for modelling were to be major effect glacier. They flowed inside of ice age on northern parts mountains as far as 14 Km.
In the 18-th century malachyte and silver were mined on its northern slopes by four generations of the Fábry family in hope that they would find gold. Jakub Fábry found a path from Medené Lávky up to the top of the peak (in 1760 -1790) and the members of his family found a path from the top through the Lomnické Saddle down to the Skalnatá dolina (Rocky Valley). The southern slopes were well known among the local hunters. The first tourist ascent was done by the English traveller Robert Townson from Malá Studená Dolina (Small Cold Valley) in 1793. He measured almost the precise height of the Lomnický Peak (2633 m). Winter ascent was done in 1891. The peak has been accessible by a cable car from Tatranská Lomnica since 1940. Thus it became the most visited peak of the High Tatras. The cable car station on the top of the peak is connected to the highest situated Astronomical and Meteorological Observatory in Slovakia. At the summit, the TV transmission station was built in 1957 and electric power line was brought in from Skalnatá dolina (Rocky Valley) in 1965.
- What is the exact geological term for the rock (phonolite) forming the hill?
- How did the name Lomnicky stit come to be?¨
- What is the elevation of the hill above the surrounding landscape?
- In what geological era was the hill formed?
- Which process had the biggest influence on the final shape of the hill?
Furthermore, add your photograph of yourself at
the peak yourself with GPS in background rocky
mountain lake to the log. Send your answers to:
with the subject „Tatry“.
* Jaký je presný název pro kámen (znelec) formující tuto horu?
* Jak vzniklo jméno Lomnicky stit?
* Jaký je prevýšení od okolní krajiny (zvolte libovolný bod v okolí)?
* V jaké historicky geologické ére byl utvoren?
* Který proces mìl nejvìtší vliv na konecný tvar?
Vaše foto u Skalnatého plesa (musí být videt v pozadí) a foto kde je videt vrchol nebo sedlo a v pozadí Lomnický štít. Obojí se souradnicemi.
Pro nesrovnalosti mne informujte na email.
(No hints available.)