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Hrad a zamek Grabstejn/ Castle of Grabstejn

A cache by MiRe70 Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 08/24/2008
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

Tato cache je soucasti série " GeoPuzzle Ceské hrady "

Ceské hrady

Tato cache Vas zavede na jedno z mnoha zajimavych mist v okoli Liberce, nedaleko hranicniho prechodu do Polska a Nemecka.

[CZ]

Hrad a zamek Grabstejn stoji na strmem ostrohu nedaleko udoli reky Luzické Nisy v mistech, kde tok reky opousti hornatou krajinu severoceskeho pohranici a pote i Cechy.

O tom, kdy byl puvodni hrad Grafenstejn zalozen, dodnes nepanuje mezi historiky shoda. Jiste vsak je, ze se zde ve 2.polovine 13.stoleti, v dobe vlady Premysla Otakara II, objevuji purkrabi z Donina, panove na Grafenstejne.

Dominantou nove vystaveneho hradu i sirokeho okoli se stala vysoka a mohutna okrouhla vez. Byla mnohokrat prestavovana, dnes je snizena a opatrena historizujici helmici. Vez je nejvyznamejsi pamatkou na nejstarsi fazi stavebnich dejin Grabstejna.

Panstvi a hrad na strategickem miste v pomezi Cech a Luzice pak byly zejmena v 15. stoleti dejistem rady valecnych stretu. Pravdepodobne z teto doby je i linie opevneni s flankovacimi vezicemi, dnes castecne zachované v hmote jizniho kridla. Opevneni bylo pravdepodobne velmi pevne, nebot odolalo i soustredenemu nekolikatydennimu naporu spojených vojsk luzickeho Sestimesti a nekolika severoceskych panu.

Doninove se zde udrzeli az do poloviny 16.stoleti, kdy hrad museli pro dluhy a spoluvlastnicke potize prodat.

Novy majitel, zemsky rada a mistokancler dr. Jiri Mehl ze Strelic stary goticky hrad velkolepe prestavel. Na miste puvodniho hradu tak vznikl reprezentacni renesancni zamek. Zcela zmenila podobu i puvodni kaple sv. Barbory, dnes razena mezi nejpusobivejsi renesancni prostory ceskeho venkova. Podobu, kterou Grabstejn ziskal za Mehla nesetrelo ani nekolik dalsich prestaveb a oprav.

Z dila ktere Mehl vybudoval, se vsak dlouho netesil. V roce 1586 byl donucen hrad a zamek prodat. Novym vlastnikem se stava Mehluv pritel, Ferdinand Hoffmann z Grünenbühlu.

Behem tricetilete valky se v mohutne opevnenem zamku na nekolik let zabydlela svedska posadka. Po valce zamek ziskali Trauttmannsdorfove. Ale ani takto vlivny rod nedokazal zvratit rozhodnuti o zboreni opevneni. Na primy rozkaz cisare bylo rozboreno po roce 1655.

V roce 1704 ziskali Grabstejn i s s panstvim Gallasove, aby jej pripojili ke svým severoceskym drzavam se strediskem ve Frydlantu. Nekolika prestavbami dolniho predhradi ziskal novou podobu i dnesni Novy zamek. Ten dnes slouzi jako kasarny a je zde vycvikovy prostor pro sluzebni psy.

Horni cast s hradnim jadrem, Stary zamek byl v roce 1992 po pulstolete odmlce opetovne zpristupnen, ackoliv zde stale probihaji rozsahle opravy. Pozornosti navstevniku se tesi zejmana zamecka kaple sv. Barbory, ktera je vyzdobena vzacnymi freskami ze 16. stoleti.

Hrad a zamek je otevren od dubna do rijna kazdy den mimo pondeli od 9:00 hodin do 17:00 hodin. Samotna cache je umistena v blizkosti jedne z cest vedoucich k hradu.

 


[EN]

The castle of Grabstejn is situated not far from Liberec, near the three-country-border area, where the border of Czech Republic, Germany and Poland meet. The original castle ofGrafensteinwas founded in the 13th century. In 1562, it was bought by the Crown and Chancellor Georg Mehl of Strehlic, and in 1566 to 1586, he had as a pretentious Renaissance residence.

He also had a clerk‘s house built below the castle, rebuilt later in the Classicist style around 1830. Shortly beforearound 1818 – Duke Kristian of Clam-Gallas had a New Castle rebuilt below the old castle, with a large park around with a number of valuable plants. The Old Castle or the castle of Grabštejn kept its authentic Renaissance, appearance despite a fire which damaged its upper floors in 1843.

The House of Clam-Gallas owned Grabstejn from 1704 until it was confiscated in 1945. After the war, the castle was still open the public. In 1953, the whole castle complex was taken over by the ministry of Defence. The old castle’s condition significantly deteriorated after the army left, and in 1989, its renewal started. Grabštejn was opened to the public again in 1993. The tower, also opened to the public, offers a marvellous view of the three-border-triangle, the castle’s northern wing and the vault. The most attractive interior in the castle is the Chapel of Holy Barbara, decorated with painting from the 16th century. All the free areas are filled by rich Renaissance ornaments with interlaced figural, animal, and heraldic motifs.

 

Openinghours of the Castle of Grabstejn are from Apríl to October and every day except the Monday from 9:00 hours to 17:00 hours. The Cache own is nearby footway.

 

 

Ceské hrady

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[CZ] Cnermbin punybhcxn
[EN] Yvggyr gerr fgbby pbggntr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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