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There is a geological specialty in the outskirts of Csólyospálos village: the meadow-limestone study path in the management of Kiskunsági National Park.
You can find places of occurrance of meadow-limestone only in Great Hungarian Plain, California and Australia now.
The meadow-limestone was generally used building material in the Kiskunság region (that is situated between Danube and Tisza rivers) from the times of Hungarian Reconquest (9th century). Enermous monasteries and churches were built in the Árpádian age (9th -13th century) from this material. The people of lowly birth also utilized for their houses and cellars up to 1970s. There were many people who exploited this stone only for their own demands, but there were people (stonecutter) to exploit the stone for sales as their earning job.
The origin of meadow-limestone.
The places of formation were the plashes (depthless moory lakes). The calcium-hidrocarbonate dissolved in the water was deposited as calcium-carbonate (that is limestone), and settled down as a thin layer of lime-warp, when the plashe run dry (in summer times). The lime-warp slowly became stone (limestone and/or dolomite in case the water contained magnesium-compound). This process needed about 10 thousand years and developed stone layer of thickness 1…2 feet. This process is not a biogenic one. Later the plashe definitely run dry and the winds covered with sand the stone-bed.
The stonecutters found the undiscovered stone-bed on the basis of uncommon vigour of Malva sylvestris (tall mallow; stonecutters told „stoneflower”) flowering above the stone-layer. First of all they shoveled away the soil layer.
Then they cracked the stone-layer with „rodding”, that is with repeated dropping a pointed tip iron rod of 20 kg weight to the same point of the stone.
They put together the exploited blocks into „kubi” that is one cubic fathom (cca. 6 cubic metres) heap.
One man exploited about two kubis (25 metric tons) every week with 6 day hard physical work.
Csólyos Nature Conversation Territory
One of given up open-air stone mines of Csólyospálos village is a geological demonstration place and a memorial place of history of popular industry.
You can walk only on the planks (timber pathway) to secure this place.
How to approach?
The Main Street of Csólyospálos village is one section the highway connecting Kiskunmajsa and Szeged.
At the N46° 25.079’ E19° 50.386’ point you drive northward. You can park your car at the cemetery: N46° 25.709’ E19° 51.890’.
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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum