Skip to Content

<

Charles Darwin

A cache by Kelux Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 2/13/2009
Difficulty:
2.5 out of 5
Terrain:
3 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

Join now to view geocache location details. It's free!

Watch

How Geocaching Works

Please note Use of geocaching.com services is subject to the terms and conditions in our disclaimer.

Geocache Description:


Charles Robert Darwin (Shrewsbury, 12 de Fevereiro de 1809 — Downe, Kent, 19 de Abril de 1882) foi um naturalista britânico que alcançou fama ao convencer a comunidade científica da ocorrência da evolução e propor uma teoria para explicar como ela se dá por meio da selecção natural e sexual.

Esta teoria desenvolveu-se no que é agora considerado o paradigma central para explicação de diversos fenómenos da Biologia. Recebeu a medalha Wollaston concedida pela Sociedade Geológica de Londres, em 1859.

Darwin começou a interessar-se pela história natural na universidade enquanto estudante de Medicina e Teologia. A sua viagem de cinco anos a bordo do Beagle e posteriores escritos trouxeram-lhe reconhecimento como geólogo e fama como escritor. As suas observações da natureza levaram-no ao estudo da diversificação das espécies e, em 1838, ao desenvolvimento da teoria da Selecção Natural.

Consciente de que outros antes dele tinham sido severamente punidos por sugerir ideias idênticas, ele confiou-as apenas a amigos próximos e continuou a sua pesquisa tentando antecipar possíveis objecções. Contudo, a informação de que Alfred Russel Wallace tinha desenvolvido uma ideia similar forçou a publicação conjunta de ambas as teorias em 1858.

No seu livro de 1859, "A Origem das Espécies" (do original, em inglês, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life), ele introduziu a ideia de evolução a partir de um antepassado comum, por meio de selecção natural. Esta tornou-se a explicação científica dominante para a diversidade de espécies na natureza.

Ele entrou para a Royal Society e continuou a sua pesquisa, escrevendo uma série de livros sobre plantas e animais, incluindo a espécie humana, respectivamente "A descendência do Homem e Selecção em relação ao Sexo" (The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 1871) e "A Expressão da Emoção em Homens e Animais" (The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, 1872).

Como reconhecimento da importância do seu trabalho, Darwin foi sepultado na Abadia de Westminster, próximo de Charles Lyell, William Herschel e Isaac Newton.

O mar e a sua viagem no Beagle representaram um ponto de viragem para Darwin e para todo o mundo. Do local desta cache, podem desfrutar de uma arrebatadora e inspiradora vista de mar e serra... quiçá também ela possa ser um ponto de viragem para vós!

English

Charles Robert Darwin FRS (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist who realised and demonstrated that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors through the process he called natural selection. The fact that evolution occurs became accepted by the scientific community and much of the general public in his lifetime, while his theory of natural selection came to be widely seen as the primary explanation of the process of evolution in the 1930s, and now forms the basis of modern evolutionary theory. In modified form, Darwin’s scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, providing logical explanation for the diversity of life.

At Edinburgh University Darwin neglected medical studies to investigate marine invertebrates, then the University of Cambridge encouraged a passion for natural science. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist whose observations and theories supported Charles Lyell’s uniformitarian ideas, and publication of his journal of the voyage made him famous as a popular author. Puzzled by the geographical distribution of wildlife and fossils he collected on the voyage, Darwin investigated the transmutation of species and conceived his theory of natural selection in 1838. Although he discussed his ideas with several naturalists, he needed time for extensive research and his geological work had priority. He was writing up his theory in 1858 when Alfred Russel Wallace sent him an essay which described the same idea, prompting immediate joint publication of both of their theories.

His 1859 book On the Origin of Species established evolutionary descent with modification as the dominant scientific explanation of diversification in nature. He examined human evolution and sexual selection in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, followed by The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. His research on plants was published in a series of books, and in his final book, he examined earthworms and their effect on soil.

In recognition of Darwin’s pre-eminence, he was one of only five 19th-century UK non-royal personages to be honoured by a state funeral, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, close to John Herschel and Isaac Newton.

We hope that this astonishing seaview would inspire you all, just as the sea and the Beagle inspired Darwin!

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Cebphen an snpr brfgr / Ybbx ba gur jrfg fvqr

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

Find...

791 Logged Visits

Found it 707     Didn't find it 49     Write note 14     Publish Listing 1     Needs Maintenance 8     Owner Maintenance 12     

View Logbook | View the Image Gallery of 99 images

**Warning! Spoilers may be included in the descriptions or links.

Current Time:
Last Updated:
Rendered From:Unknown
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

Return to the Top of the Page

Reviewer notes

Use this space to describe your geocache location, container, and how it's hidden to your reviewer. If you've made changes, tell the reviewer what changes you made. The more they know, the easier it is for them to publish your geocache. This note will not be visible to the public when your geocache is published.