Dam of Gabcíkovo-Nagymaros
At the contract of Budapest 16. September 1977 the former Czechoslovakia and Hungary agreed to built a gigantic an interconnected barrage between Gabcíkovo nearby Bratislava and Nagymaros in Hungary to generate energy. The first planning phase of the project leads back till the year 1946.
Pic.1: Plan of the dam Gabcíkovo project
The construction was soon blamed, first from Hungarian and later from Austrian experts too, to have major destructive impacts to the nearby Austrian Danube meadow, the landscape, the area of settlement of many animals (especially threatened birds) along the Slovakian-Hungarian boarder and to the water supply for Budapest. One of the barriers was planned to be built directly in front of the so called Danube knee, a very famous touristic attraction and historic place. The Slovakian government started almost immediately with the building.
Pic.2: actual dam of Gabcíkovo
Hungary did not force the construction and a huge environmental protection movement “Duna Kör “ was formed in 1984 in Budapest to stop the project. It got a big support by the Population of Hungary. 140.000 people signed a petition against the project and 1988 they organized, for that time a huge demonstration with 40.000 participants in front of the Hungarian parliament. This pressure to the politics and due the ongoing big political change in the former so called „Eastern bloc“ Hungary stopped the project and even revegetated some areas where the construction has started already. May historian are convinced that this mentioned environmental movment was the basis to the "velevet revolution" in Hungary, what has lead to the fall of the "iron wall" between Hungary and Austria.
The former Czechoslovakia and later Slovakia went on with the building of the water power plant of Gabcíkovo at a different place and pulled Hungary 1993 and 1997 to the International court and demanded the fulfilment of the contract of Budapest of 1977. Hungary started to blame the government of Slovakia to take water out of the boarder river into to the new built channel of Gabcíkovo and to destroy the environment nearby. The International court decided in principle that the contract of 1977 is still valid and both countries have to discuss how to fulfil it. But the court mentioned that at that time the environmental impact was not considered enough too. A new agreement between Slovakia and Hungary came never in to place and it has still major bad impact to the relationship between the tow countries.
The barrier to build the man-made channel is a big attraction of the whole population of Bratislava and you can find there many possibilities for sport, such as rafting, inline skating, canoeing and...
Pic.3: sport center of Gabcíkovo in Slovakia
The cache itself is placed nearby the industrial ruin of the Hungarian part which was not demolished when Hungary stopped the project. It is one example how missing talks can have major impacts to the environment. Everyone can make up its one opinion about it, but please follow the rule of Geocaching, when you write your logs. I will delete all logs which do not follow the rules.
Pic.4: a part of the industrial ruin at Nagymaros
You can reach the cache only at day time.
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