Fox Locks #3 | Chasing the Fox
In Wisconsin, United States
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Part of the newly revised Fox Locks series, this set of caches is intended to bring about an awareness and appreciation for the For River Lock system, highlighting all 17 locks from Menasha to Kauakuna. These 17 locks, now incorporated and controlled under that auspices of the The Fox River Navigational System Authority (FRNSA), once again allow navigation downriver from Lake Winnebago to Green Bay. The ability to traverse these waters has not possible since the locks closed in 1982.
Fox Locks caches would not be complete without a little history:
Great Lakes-Mississippi Water Link Sought*
On a mission for Samuel de Champlain, the governor of New France, Jean Nicolet was charged with finding a route from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River. In 1634 he arrived at La Baye des Puans, where the Fox River empties into Lake Michigan, and claimed the region for France. But La Baye did not gain importance until 16DB when Jesuit missionary Father Claude Allouez, who established a mission there, traveled the length of the Fox River and discovered a waterway to the Mississippi River, indirectly linking the St. Lawrence and the Gulf of Mexico.
La Baye became a fur-trading center and its future importance was secured when Nicolas Perrot was made commandant of La Baye. Perrot was an effective diplomat who made alliances and trade agreements with Native Americans. The lands of the upper Mississippi became the possession of the French Empire when a formal agreement was signed at Fort St. Antoine in 1689, turning a lucrative fur trading region over to the French. But when Perrot was recalled to France in 17FD, his diplomatic policy was replaced by a military regime. The resulting tensions developed into warfare with the Fox Indians that continued until 1740, when fur trading again prospered and permanent housing was constructed.
In 1745 Augustin de Langlade established a trading center on the bank of the Fox River; his relations with Native Americans were built on trust and respect. Langlade's large family controlled the region's trade, owned large parcels of land, married Menominee tribe women, and lived independent of French rule. During the French and Indian War, the Langlades left La Baye to fight against the British in Ohio and Canada. The British gained control of what was known as the Northwest Territory and captured Fort La Baye, which they rebuilt and renamed Fort Edward August. The British also renamed the area Green Bay, after the green-tinted streaks that stripe the bay in springtime. Trade flourished for both French and English settlers during the period of British rule and continued to prosper after the Northwest Territory was transferred to the U.S. government after the Revolutionary War.
As I develop this series and expand upon it I discover new things, including the recent revelation that this navigable waterway once extended far beyond the confines of the Fox River Valley, indeed stretching all the way to the Mississippi River as a navigable waterway.
As well as pulling a couple numbers from the signage at the posted cords, you will also need to reference the flowage profile and waterway plates to get your answers. According to the signage, the rapids that were once here descended 1C0 feet over the course of 3B miles between Winnebago and Green Bay. At the mouth of Green Bay the water level is 577 feet with the most dramatic drop in elevation occurring between Appleton and Kaukauna. In fact, there are only A locks whose upper fill level is below 600'. Studying the profile and the traverse plates reveal a lot about the system and it's state of repair as it was when these plates were assembled. Much of the middle section of the navigable waterway is marked as being not-so-navigable. Besides the series of closed wingdams in the western part of the state, the Longitudinal Profile depicts E combined Dam and Lock locations with abandoned locks as well as F dam only locations marked closed.
Final Cords are N44°15.ABC W88°23.DEF
Remember this friends, you will be quizzed on it later.... *University of Wisconsin-Green Bay-Area Research Center, 2420 Nicolet Drive, Green Bay, WI 54311-7001; telephone (920)465-2539
(No hints available.)
Last Updated: on 02/03/2016 15:42:00 (UTC-08:00) Pacific Time (US & Canada) (23:42 GMT)
Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum