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Vässarö Bunkrar

A cache by fredrikr Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 07/01/2011
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
2.5 out of 5

Size: Size: small (small)

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Geocache Description:

[SV] En bit svensk militärhistoria.

[EN] A piece of Swedish military history.



Swedish



Dessa bunkrar var en del av kustartilleriet, som bildades 1902 för att försvara Sverige mot invasion från havet. Installationen var en del av spärren Vässarö-Singö. De andra delarna av spärren var Öregrund och Råstensudde. En spärr var kustartilleriets benämning på en anläggning bestående av artilleri och minor.


Det ska ha funnits en enorm strålkastare här, som förvarades bakom portar i ett utrymme i berget när den inte användes, och sedan kunde köras fram på räls. Längre österut längs vattnet ligger först en utsiktspost och sedan en kanonbunker. I den senare ska det ha suttit fyra 57mm pjäser modell 89B när anläggningen färdigställdes 1941. Eventuellt har de senare bytts ut till nyare pjäser.


1991 började kustartilleriets fasta installationer att avvecklas, då de efter sovjetunionens fall, med flera omvärldsförändringar, ansågs ha spelat ut sin roll. År 2000 döptes kustartilleriet om till Amfibieregementet för att reflektera att de fasta installationerna var utfasade. Bunkrarna på Vässarö är nu tömda på militär materiel, delvis förseglade, och har blivit ett av utflyktsmålen på ön. Det finns skyltar och gulmarkerade stigar från betongbryggan på öns sydvästra del.


English


These bunkers were part of the Swedish coastal artillery, which was established in 1902 to defend Sweden against invasion from the sea. The installation was part of the barrier Vässarö-Singö. The other parts of the barrier were Öregrund and Råstensudde. A coastal artillery barrier consisted of artillery and mines.


Supposedly, there was a huge searchlight here, which was kept behind doors in a compartment in the rock when not in use, and then rolled out on rails. Further east along the seafront you will find a lookout post and then a gun bunker. In the latter, there were four 57mm guns model 89B when the facility was completed in 1941. Possibly they were later replaced with newer weapons.


In 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union, as well as other changes in the world around us, the fixed installations of the coastal artillery were considered to have had their day. In 2000, the coastal artillery were renamed to the amphibious corps, to reflect the fact the fixed installations had been disbanded. The bunkers on Vässarö have been emptied of military equipment, partially sealed off, and have become one of the hiking destinations on the island. There are signs and yellow marked trails from the concrete jetty on the southwestern part of the island.

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[SV] Ra unyizrgre seåa ra enx gnyy.
[EN] Unys n zrgre sebz n fgenvtug cvar.

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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