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Tribute to Bakowski

A cache by Samodor Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 7/17/2011
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Karl Otto Bakowski blev født den 8. december 1904 i Kiel. Efter Rigdagsbranden i 1933 flygtede han til Danmark. Han boede i skjul hos skomager Larsen i Sct. Olai Gade 19 i Helsingør.

Her opdagede han ved et tilfælde en "død" telefonledning i huset. Med en baggrund som telefonoperatør, mente han, at den måtte kunne bruges til noget. Sammen med den danske telefonmontør C.B. Hansen fik han lavet et aflytningsapparat, der blev sluttet til den "døde" ledning. De lavede også et indgreb på telefoncentralen i Helsingør. Herefter kunne de aflytte Gestapos hovedkvarter i byen, som lå på Sdr. Strandvej. Ved senere indgreb blev det også muligt at aflytte samtaler mellem Gestapohovedkvarterene i Nordsjælland, København (Shellhuset og Dagmarhus) samt hovedkvarteret i Oslo. Også samtaler fra hærens hovedkvarter på Kastellet og udgående samtaler til Tyskland kunne efterhånden aflyttes.

De vigtigste informationer fra aflytningerne, drejede sig om Gestapos planlagte arrestationer. Informationerne sendtes 2 gange dagligt til Frihedsrådet, Holger Danske og Ringen. Der blev også sendt rapporter til den danske militære efterretningstjeneste, der på det tidspunkt befandt sig i Sverige.

Bakowski største bedrift, i følge ham selv, var aflytningen vedrørende den 19. september 1944, hvor han hørte om de kommende arrestationer af danske politifolk. Disse informationer reddede mange politifolk, fordi man kunne nå at advare dem. Et par dage senere brød aflytningsgruppen ind på den forladte politigård i Helsingør, hvor de sikrede sig en fjernskriver. Nu kunne de også "aflytte" fjernskrivermeddelelser fra besættelsesmagten.

Den 18. december 1944 opdagede tyskerne indgrebet i telefoncentralen. Det førte til arrestationen af Bakowski den 17. januar 1945. Han blev grebet på fersk gerning og ført til Gestapos hovedkvarter. Tyskerne turde ikke gå for hårdt til Bakowski. Han var den eneste i gruppen, der kunne forstå alle de tyske forkortelser og udtryk. Det betød, at han ofte sad længe og aflyttede, helt op til 22 timer i træk. Hans mentale tilstand var derfor ikke stabil nok til hårde afhøringer. Bakowski selv var så snu, at han brugte sin stammen til at trække sine svar ud under forhørene.

Alle afhøringsrapporter blev sendt til Shellhuset, hvor de brændte, da RAF bombede hovedkvarteret den 21. marts 1945. Derfor kunne sagen ikke føres videre og Bakowski blev overført til Frøslevlejren.

Bakowski døde den 27. april 1970. Han blev aldrig officelt anerkendt for sin store indsats under besættelsen.


English:
Karl Otto Bakowski was born on December 8, 1904 in Kiel. After the Reichtag fire in 1933 he fled to Denmark. He was hiding out in Sct. Olai Gade no. 19. While staying here he found a "dead" phone line. Being a linesman and with the help of linesman C.B. Hansen, he made a listening device enabeling them to listen to conversations between Gestapo in Helsingør, Copenhagen and later Oslo and outgoing lines to Germany.

The most important information from these activities were about Gestapos upcoming arrests. The information was sent to the Danish resistance and also the Danish Military Intelligence in Sweden.

According to Bakowski himself, the most important information intercepted was about September 19, 1944. It concerned the arrest of the Danish police. The information saved many policemen from being arrested, as they were warned by the resistance. A few days later the police station in Helsingør was broken into, and a telex machine was removed. This enabled the group to intercept this kind of information from the Germans as well.

On December 18, 1944 the Germans discovered the modification at the telephone central. This led to the arrest of Bakowski on January 17, 1945. He was caught "in the act".

Bakowski had been listening in for very long periods of time. Being German, he was the only one who understod all the Germans said. Therefore the Germans were reluctant to interrogate him to harshly.

The interogation reports were sent to Gestapo HQ in Copenhagen (Shellhuset). This was later bombed by the RAF on March 21, 1945, and all Bakowskis files were destroyed. He was then transferred to Frøslevlejren.

He died on April 27, 1970 and was never officially recognized for his work during the occupation.

Kilde/reference: Wikipedia, Helsingør Kommunes Museer




Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Zntargvfx/Zntargvp

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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