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Valley of Fire State Park - Elephant Rock

A cache by blackschneck Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 08/17/2011
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Geocache Description:

Valley of Fire State Park - Elephant Rock

Valley of Fire State Park is the oldest state park in Nevada, USA. It was formed in 1935. The Valley of Fire State Park mainly consists of red sandstone. The form of weathering which is found in the Valley of Fire is the wind cut (or abrasion), a form of aeolian erosion. Because the Valley is a former dune field which was there 150 million years ago, even today man will find plenty of fine-grained material, e.g. sand. In this process, the wind blows sand or dust against an exposed rock or soil surface. These will be ground down respectively abraded by the impact of the particles. This is how roundnesses occur in the rock. This extensive erosion of the many millions of years created the image of the park today.Another peculiarity in the Valley of Fire is the dark coloring which is mostly under the alcove. It is a type of rock varnish. At water outlets algae have been established under the influence of moisture which secretes a slime. This mucus in turn binds fine particles of sediment from the air, the iron and manganese oxides. And over millions of years forms such a dark crust, the rock varnish.

The flora of the park consists primarily of shrubs, bushes and cacti. Even a few flowering plants such as marigolds and hibiscus occur.

Many animals are in the Valley of Fire State Park home. Besides birds, coyotes, foxes, rabbits and squirrels, particularly the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) emphasizes because it is very rare.

The Elephant Rock is located at the eastern end of the park. A short trail leads one to a sandstone formation, where you see the special power of erosion.

To log this earth cache, please answer the following questions:

1. How high above the ground is the head of the elephant?

2. How much above sea level are you, when you are standing next to the elephant?

3. How is the elephant going to look in 1000 years (from now)?

If you want, you can even make a photo of you, your GPS and the elephant.

Please do not park at the height of the elephant on the road. Please park at N 36 35.731 and W 114 27.488 and follow this sign

After some 200m you will see the elephant. Please stay on the trails and don't climb around on the rock formations in order to preserve this beautiful piece of earth in the long term. The visitor center provides exhibits on the geology, ecology, prehistory, and history of the park and the nearby region. Open daily, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. The fee for entrance into the park is $10.00 per vehicle.

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