Sloupsko-sosuvske is the largest cave complex in the Czech Republic. Located on the border of the Moravian beauty and is a frequent destination for tourists and professionals.
Sloupsko-sosuvske and 'own' the whole Moravian Karst limestone building - organnogenní sea sediments from the Middle to Upper Devonian. According to the developmental stages of the formation consists of Josefov, Lažánky, vilémovických křtinských and limestone, whose total thickness is estimated at 500 - 1000 meters. In the west, superimposed on igneous intrusions - granodiorites Brno Massif, in the east are covered kulmskými greywackes and shales of Carboniferous age.
After the retreat of the sea and massive Paleozoic Variscan orogeny, which affected the entire Czech massif limestone began to be subject to intense karstification. It was during the Mesozoic and Tertiary sea again interrupted by short-term flooding. Reflected some phases of massive Alpine orogeny.
Mesozoic sea left its carbonate sediments with fossils of ammonites, belemnite and other marine organisms such as around Olomučany. From the period of the Lower Cretaceous red beds are preserved kaolinitic sands and clays filling the deep karst pockets (so-called geological organ) around town Rudice. It is reminiscent of continental sedimentation, when ruled tropical climate. Development Sloupsko-influenced sea caves šošůvské Baden flooding in the Tertiary. Deep canyons with the oldest karst cave systems when young filled layer of clay sediment, which resulted in a major change in the hydrographic development of the Moravian Karst. Since the mid-Tertiary, it gets progressively Moravian Karst is today.
In the Moravian Karst is registered over 1100 caves and chasms. Originated gradual erosion and corrosion activity of surface and atmospheric waters in the limestone.
Sloupsko-sosuvske represent one of the most important parts of the dive Punkvy hydrographic system. Along with other additional draft caves in Holstein, vývěrovou Punkva caves and the largest measuring tube - Amateur Caves - an underground system Punkvy with a length of over 30 km the longest in the Czech Republic. Sloupsko-sosuvske had several developmental stages. In the beginning, Sloupský stream sinking in already existent dives and create flow system drainable towards Pustý Deep. This system remained only relics in the form of cave or rock formation Kůlna ridge. Gradually, then dives shifted downstream and creating the top-floor Sloupsko šošůvské caves. Nowadays Sloupský creek falls near Ridge tiles system many dives to a depth of about 80 m, where the youngest flows through the lower floor. Yet completely unexplored corridors flooded with water getting into the creek Sloupský Sloup branches Amateur cave to a few kilometers to the confluence with the White underground water, creating Punkva stream. Due to the large size and segmentation of double-decker Sloupsko - šošůvské caves formed between the floors collapsing massive abyss - Stepped, Perpendicular, Nagel and Black.
There is a reverse crystallization of dissolved limestone skapové water that gets into the caves gradual seepage from the surface. In Sloupsko-sosuvske caves stalactites meet with diverse fillings. In addition to abundant stalactites, stalagmites, stalactite waterfalls and sinter crusts, for example, we can find the nickamínkový coating. The emergence of this particular mushy sinter mold that grows with the support of micro-organisms is not fully understood. In past centuries it local citizens in Sloup cave scraped away, because its supposed medicinal properties. Šošůvské interesting caves are called stalactites spherolitic wasp dome. Growing inequalities in vrstvičkách on the rock walls. Šošůvské part along with Elisabeth caves are among the areas with the most beautiful and best preserved stalactites and stalagmites. Symbol Sloupsko-šošůvské cave is called "Candle" - stalagmitový department whose lumpy bottom part was built under water, and the upper part smooth mrkvovitá grew above the water.
Sloupsko-sosuvske are important paleontological site. Freely accessible cave had in the Pleistocene refuge and wintering species now extinct mammals. It was primarily a bear cave. In sediments Sloupsko-šošůvské caves preserved skeletal remains of a huge number of the beast. Already in the last century paleontological research conducted BEAUTY prominent researchers such as Dr. Jindrich Wankel or Dr. Martin Cross and later as John Knies. The result of their work can now be seen in the Moravian Museum in Brno and the Provincial Museum in Vienna, where a large number of complete skeletons of cave bear. Only during the research of Dr. Henry Wankel was dug over 300 skulls. The richest also home to the Gothic Hall in Sloup part, but skeletal remains can be found in the sediments of the complex Sloupsko-šošůvské caves. Mezi other representatives of Pleistocene fauna, which were discovered in the Old rocks patří cave lion, hyena cave, wolverine, wolf, etc. The currently conducting paleontological studies at the Moravian Karst ústav Anthropos Moravian Museum in Brno.