Skip to content

Dutch - Fuji Ilha Traditional Geocache

Hidden : 07/04/2013
Difficulty:
1 out of 5
Terrain:
4 out of 5

Size: Size:   small (small)

Join now to view geocache location details. It's free!

Watch

How Geocaching Works

Related Web Page

Please note Use of geocaching.com services is subject to the terms and conditions in our disclaimer.

Geocache Description:

This is truely a magnificent vulcanic and Sacred Mountain that should be climbed at least ONCE in your lifetime.

The special character of this cache is that it joins two countries enjoying a monarchy - The Netherlands and Japan.


Note: Due to loose rock and possible rainfall & currents, PLEASE place cache back AS SECURELY AS POSSIBLE so it will not wash away after heavy rainfall or melting snow

 

This is truely a magnificent vulcanic and Sacred Mountain that should be climbed at least ONCE in your lifetime.

To stimulate this, we have placed a cache a little more than half way to keep up the challenge to fulfill your goal !

However, to keep it simple, it is placed near a lodge where you can rest and / or eat drink something...Why not combine this with a GC  and read the historic story below ?!?

The special character of this cache is that it joins two countries enjoying a monarchy - The Netherlands and Japan

The box of this beautiful cache resembles the famous Delfts Blue colours !

Enjoy your climb and GC-find...Be careful out there !!

Geo_Robert & Allardvdt

 

*************************

When formal trade relations were established in 1609, by requests from Englishman William Adams, the Dutch were granted extensive trading rights and set up a Dutch East India Company trading outpost at Hirado. When the Shimabara uprising of 1637 happened, in which Christian Japanese started a rebellion against the Tokugawa shogunate, it was crushed with the help of the Dutch. As a result all Christian nations who gave aid to the rebels were expelled leaving the Dutch the only commercial partner from the West.[2] Among the expelled nations was Portugal who had a trading post in Nagasaki harbor on an artificial island calledDejima. In a move of the shogunate to take the Dutch trade away from the Hirado clan the entire Dutch trading post was moved to Dejima.

Rangaku

Rangaku, literally meaning "Dutch Learning", was the knowledge developed by Japan through its contacts with the Dutch outpost of Dejima. Through this principle of Rangaku, Japan was able to learn about the scientific and technological revolution occurring in the Netherlands and Europe at that time, helping Japan's radical and speedy modernization following the opening of the country to foreign trade in 1854.

Numerous exchanges occurred, leading to a branch of Western learning in Japan known as rangaku (蘭学), or "Dutch learning" where the "ran" (蘭) in rangakucomes from "Oranda" the Japanese word for Holland, and means Dutch while "gaku" (学) is of Sino-Japanese origin and means "Learning". In the process, a number of terms were adopted from Dutch into the Japanese language. At one point, some 3,000 words are thought to have been used, especially in the areas of technical and scientific vocabulary. About 160 such words of Dutch origin remain in use today in standard Japanese.

Many loan words from the Dutch entered the Japanese language; for instance "biiru" - the Japanese word for beer - was derived from the Dutch word "bier"

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_words_of_Dutch_origin)

 

Military cooperation

After the forcible opening of Japan by Commodore Perry in 1854 it was decided to modernise the Japanese fleet. To do this orders were placed for modern steam powered warships. The first of which was the ZM SS Soembing, a gift from King William III of the Netherlands, which was renamed the Kankō Maru. To train Japanese sailors in the use of these new and powerful ships the Nagasaki Naval Training Center was established literally right at the entrance of Dejima, to maximize interaction with Dutch naval know-how. Among the students at the Nagasaki Naval Training Center was Enomoto Takeaki, one of the founders of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

On the 24th of August 2009 the Netherlands released a commemorative 5 euro coin to celebrate 400 years of relations

First contact

One fine June afternoon in 1598,  five ships in Rotterdam ready their departure for a long journey. The crew have been told that their destination will be the Moluccas to buy spices, and to explore the "Silver-rycke" (the Silver Empire) of Japan. But once out on the high seas, the sailors of the five vessels, which are heavily loaded with weaponry, are informed of their additional tasks - to raid and plunder Portuguese and Spanish strongholds along the route in South America and Asia and to wreak damage on their enemies, understandable objectives in those turbulent times.

The journey proved a historic one. The first Dutch ship ever to arrive in Japan was the "Liefde " ("Charity" or "Love"); it was one of the five that originally left Rotterdam on June 27, 1598, and the only one to arrive safely in Japan - on April 19, 1600. "T Gheloove "("Faith") had turned back for Rotterdam before entering the Straits of Magellan. The other three had been lost; the " Blijde Bootschap " ("Good Message") in fights with the Spaniards, " Trouwe" ("Faithfulness") to the Portuguese and "Hoope" (Hope) to storm.

On April 19, 1600, for the people living in Sashifu, in the Bungo area (nowadays Usuki in Oita Prefecture), the view out to sea was different from normal days, for a ship strangely shaped and rigged lay at anchor. While the initially friendly Japanese helped the completely exhausted Dutch crew (which included at least one Englishman), they succumbed to the very normal temptations of that period to take from the vessel whatever they could remove. The Liefde carried 19 canon, many rifles, fire-arrows and assorted weaponry. Of the originally 110 man crew only 24 had survived the journey. Among them were Jan Joosten van Lodensteyn, who would later be known as Yaesu-san, and the Englishman William Adams, who would be called Miura Anjin in later days. The figure-head of the Liefde, representing Dutch scholar and philosopher Erasmus, can still be seen at the National Museum in Tokyo.

The military ruler of Japan, Tokugawa Ieyasu, showed great interest in the Dutch ship, especially in the firearms it was carrying. Everything was confiscated and Joosten and Adams were ordered to Osaka and then to Edo, the center of power (present-day Tokyo), to be interrogated through a Portuguese interpreter. Their replies luckily proved to the liking of Ieyasu and the survivors were compensated for the losses they suffered in Usuki. Some of them started careers as traders and married local women. Their valuable know-how and understanding of maps, navigation, shipbuilding and warfare made William Adams and Jan Joosten popular with the ruler. It brought them land, money and titles.

Today's Tokyo boasts Anjin-dori (Anjin-street) and the Yaesu Exit of Tokyo station to remind us of the long distant role of these two sailor adventurers. One critically important consequence was that the Dutch received official permission to trade with Japan, though it was to be almost a decade before this started up in earnest. The first Dutch ships after the `Liefde` arrived in Hirado in 1609.

Tokugawa Ieyasu made use of the arrival of the Dutch for another reason. The ruler had just started his campaign against Christianity due to the over-enthusiastic proselytising of Portuguese Jesuits threatening his authority, and the knowledge of the "red haired barbarians", as the Dutch came to be called, would prove useful. The protestant Dutch, whose first objective was trade and not the propagation of the Christian faith, had arrived and established their credibility just in time. This is how the special relationship between Japan and the Netherlands began,

The Dutch - Japanese Relationship

During the `sakoku-jidai`, the so-called seclusion period, Holland and China were the only countries permitted to trade and have limited contacts with Japan. It was a status which actually lasted over two centuries, from 1641 to 1853, and as the only western country with such privileges, Holland held a very special position. It was the door through which knowledge on science and medicine, and products and armaments from the Netherlands and Europe were imported into Japan through the Dutch settlement on Deshima, the man-made fan-shaped island in the Bay of Nagasaki. Simultaneously the Dutch generated great wealth exporting Japanese products and knowledge to the west. For both sides, Deshima was more than just a window on a new world.

In the period 1600-1641, the Dutch could move around the country freely and enjoyed unrestricted contact with the Japanese. In Hirado they set up a foundry and built a well. They were impressed by the quality and competence of Japanese craftsmen, who were frequently hired by the Dutch.

At this time government regulations made business less profitable than it had been at the end of the Hirado period, when free trading was allowed. Goods had to be sold at fixed prices decided upon in advance. Maximum prices for import and export goods were set, and goods which remained unsold had to be taken back. But in spite of all these regulations, the VOC still made profits and continued to trade mainly silk for gold, silver, copper and camphor. Also lacquerwork, porcelain and tea were bought and exported to Batavia or Europe.

The Court Journey

Contacts between the Dutch and Japanese authorities also took place during the annual 'court journey'. Just like regional Japanese leaders, the Dutch Opperhoofd from Deshima had to pay annual tribute to the Shogun in Edo and provide a detailed report on affairs in the outside world, the so-called `fusetsu gaki`. On this annual epic journey that could take up to three months, the Opperhoofd was usually accompanied by the VOC surgeon and some employees together with the Oranda-Tsuji and civil servants of the Nagasaki authorities - a total of some 150 to 200 persons. The procession with the `Red Haired Barbarians` attracted many curious onlookers - the trip was known as the `Edo Sanpu` and completed some 170 times. Partly over land to Shimonoseki in north Kyushu, the mission continued by boat to the Hyogo/Osaka area and then on to Edo via the Tokaido-route

The visit to the Shogun mandated many special and expensive gifts. Telescopes, medical instruments, medicines, canons, globes, exotic animals such as zebras, camels and monkeys were all examples of gifts presented to the Shogun and other high ranking officials. Scientific books were especially popular. In 1638 a beautiful copper "grand chandelier" with wax candles was presented to alleviate diplomatic tensions. It can still be seen in the Tosho-gu shrine in Nikko, the mausoleum of Tokugawa Ieyasu. In return the Dutch normally received expensive silk kimonos

Dutch Civil Engineers in the Meiji Period

Perhaps the most visible traces were left by the Dutch civil engineers invited by the Japanese government to assist in addressing the challenges of flooding in mountainous Japan. Dutch civil engineers were also invited to assist in building and developing the country's ports. C.J. van Doorn was the first. He designed an irrigation canal in Fukushima Prefecture, which later earned him a bronze statue of recognition, saved by local people from conversion into bullets in the second world war. At the request of the Japanese government, Van Doorn invited more engineers to join him including Johannis de Rijke, who did not have an academic degree but who had learnt his trade in hard practice, and G.A. Escher, father of artist M.C. Escher, known worldwide for his intriguing drawings. M.C. Escher was said to have been strongly influenced by the ukiyoe prints his father brought home from Japan. Johannis de Rijke turned out to be an excellent choice. He stayed in Japan for more than 30 years and ultimately became Vice Minister - probably the only foreigner ever to reach such high rank. His impressive achievements included riverbank improvements of the Yodogawa river in Osaka Prefecture, and the Kiso Sansen in central Japan - an area in which three rivers with different flows converged and regularly caused heavy flooding. De Rijke used techniques such as groynes, debris barriers and planting trees to reduce run-off erosion even though the absence of mountains in his home country had denied him the experience of building a corrosion dam. He also designed many of Japan's modern ports, including that of Osaka, Nagasaki and Yokohama. In total 12 Dutch civil engineers came to Japan in this period to ensure "dry feet" for the local people

Present day Relations between Japan and the Netherlands ('45 - present)

Ratification of the peace treaty with Japan in 1952 led to the normalisation of relations and renewal of diplomatic ties. But the exclusive and influential role of the Netherlands was now a thing of the past. To most Japanese the Netherlands became just another European country. Economic, cultural and scientific contacts started anew towards the end of the fifties. KLM Royal Dutch Airlines opened regular flights. Philips was instrumental in the success of the Matsushita Electric Industrial Company. Cut flowers increasingly found their way into the hands of the flower-loving Japanese public. In the sixties, cultural contacts grew. The Royal Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra pleased Japanese ears. Exhibitions of works by Van Gogh and Rembrandt attracted many visitors. "Rangaku" was followed by contacts between many universities. It was, however, perhaps a sporting event that put the Netherlands back on the Japanese map. At the 1964 Tokyo Olympics judo was debuting as Olympic Sport, and it was expected that Japanese athletes would make a clean sweep of the gold medals. But that was before Dutchman Anton Geesink defeated Japanese champion Akio Kaminaga in the open-weight class. For the older generation, Geesink is still the best known Dutchman.

n 1983 relations between the two countries received a boost with the opening of the "Holland Village" theme park near Nagasaki. A Dutch windmill was the start. VOC ships, buildings and products followed, attracting many visitors. Gouda cheese and wooden shoes became popular. Dutch children's writer and illustrator Dick Bruna`s creation "Nijntje", known to every Dutch person, captured the hearts of many Japanese children as "Miffy-chan". "Holland Village" was such a success that the management decided to expand the project. The result was "Huis ten Bosch", which was opened in 1993. Named after the royal palace in the Hague, "Huis ten Bosch" surpassed "Holland Village" both in scale and content. The idea of "Huis ten Bosch" was not just the creation of a theme park, but a real village in which people could live, work and enjoy their leisure. True scale copies of many famous Dutch buildings include the palace Huis ten Bosch, that serves as a museum. Restaurants serve Dutch and European cuisine, and extensive collections of Dutch art can be admired. Because the Dutch Royal Household did not allow use of the same paintings which could be found in the real palace, young Dutch artist Rob Scholte was invited to design the artwork for the main hall. "Apres nous le Deluge" is a beautiful piece of which "Huis ten Bosch" can be proud.

http://japan.nlembassy.org/you-and-netherlands/dutch-japanese-relations.html

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Ybbx sbe n LRYYBJ ont whfg oruvaq gur ybqtr (jura ybbxvat hc vg fubhyq or ba yrsg-unaq fvqr bs ybqtr nobhg 20 zrgref hc) haqre fgbar. Nyfb ybbx sbe n yvtug tenl-vfu fgbar (Frr cvpf)

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)