Pinaleños (Spanish: ‘pinery people’).
A division of the Apache, evidently more closely related to the Chiricahua than to any other group. Their principal seat was formerly the Pinaleño mountains, south of Gila River, southeastern Arizona, but their raids extended far into Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico. They were noted for their warlike character and continued their hostility toward the United States (not withstanding 1,051, including Arivaipa, were on the San Carlos reserve in 1876), until forced by Gen. George Crook to surrender in 1883. They are now under the San Carlos and Ft Apache agencies, Ariz., being officially known as Pinals, but their numbers are not separately reported.