Aegina is a relatively small island 17 miles SW of Athens. It has a rich history, human presence on the island dates back to the prehistoric period. The town of Aegina was the first capital of modern Greece. Strangely there was no geocache on the island. Aegina series is the first geocaching series consisting of eight caches placed mainly in areas of historical interest.
Palaioxora is located on the hill opposite to the Monastery of Saint Nektarios. It's an old town that resembles to Mistra with many churches and ruins from houses. About 20 churches have survived over the years with remarkable murals but unfortunately they are in a rather poor condition. At the highest point of the town, there is a castle which was built by the Venetians in 1654.
The town was built by the inhabitants of Aegina in order to protect themselves from the marine raids of the Saracens. For many centuries, it was the capital of the island. It was abandoned though in the early 19th century, as the inhabitants could return to the seaside areas.
Leave your car at the parking area and follow the footpath to the monastery of Agios Ioannis. When you pass the entrance take the path that goes uphill.
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