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Oxford Medical History #1: Medical mould Traditional Cache

Hidden : 05/08/2014
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Geocache Description:

2014 marked the 800th anniversary of Roger Bacon’s birth and provided an appropriate occasion to celebrate Oxford as a world centre of medical learning. This cache is inspired by a previous Bodleian Libraries exhibition which tells of the scientists, philosophers, and physicians who have contributed to our understanding of human biology in both health and disease.

The building you need to find is most famous for its pioneering work on penicillin, which ushered in the antibiotic era but it also has a distinguished history in research in immunology, infectious diseases, molecular, cell and cancer biology.

The development of penicillin is one of the greatest stories in biomedical history. Perhaps more than any other drug, penicillin liberated medicine from its ineffectiveness against disease and brought a cure for the lethal common infections of pneumonia, meningitis and septicaemia. This breakthrough may be regarded as the beginning of the age of the antibiotics, which has transformed doctor's and society's perceptions of medicine's properties.

Alexander Fleming's discovery of penicillin is well known. Less familiar is the crucial and inspiring work of doctors and scientists in Oxford who during the Second World War translated Fleming's observations into a therapeutic drug that would save millions of lives.

In 1945 the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine was awarded jointly to Alexander Fleming and two members of the Oxford group, Ernst Chain and Howard Florey, 'for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases'.

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