Indiana's name comes from the Indiana Territory created in 1800 when the U.S. Congress separated all or part of five states from the Northwest Territory. The territorial name was retained when Indiana became a state in 1816. The name of the capital city, Indianapolis, was derived from the state name plus "polis," a Greek word meaning "city." The origin of the nickname "Hoosier" is still being debated. One explanation is that it comes from the common Indiana settler's shouted response of "Who's yere?" to a knock on the door. One story is that a settler's ear was cut off somehow and from the question, "Whose ear?," a phonetic contraction developed into "Hoos-ear." Another more likely version is that a contractor named Sam Hoosier, who built a canal along the Ohio River preferred to hire men living north of the river, believing them to be better workers than those living south of the river. Most of those coming from north of the river were from Indiana, and were called "Hoosier's men." Eventually all people from Indiana came to be known as Hoosiers.
Population: Although Indiana ranks only 38th in geographical area among the 50 states, it is 14th in population. The U.S. Census Bureau in 2000 counted over 6 million residents.
Area: 36,291 square miles or 93,993 square kilometers. Extreme length, 275 miles; average breadth, 144 miles. Highest altitude, 1,257 feet or 383 meters in Wayne County; lowest altitude, 320 feet or 97 meters in Posey County.
State Capital: Indianapolis
State Motto: The Crossroads of America (Adopted in 1937).
State Flower: Peony. (Adopted 1957)
State Tree: Tulip tree (yellow poplar) (Adopted in 1931).
State Bird: Cardinal (Adopted in 1933).
State Song: "On the Banks of the Wabash," by Paul Dresser (Adopted in 1913).
State Poem: "Indiana," by Arthur Franklin Mapes, Kendallville (Adopted in 1963).
State Seal: The seal depicts a pioneer scene; a woodsman felling a tree while a buffalo flees from the forest across the plains. Adopted officially in 1963.
State Flag: The Indiana flag displays 19 gold stars and a gold torch on a field of blue. The torch is said to stand for liberty and enlightenment; the rays represent far-reaching influence. The stars in the outer circle represent the 13 original states; those in the inner arc represent the five states next admitted to the Union. The star above the torch stands for Indiana, the 19th state. Adopted 1917.
State Name: Congress coined the name Indiana, which means "Land of the Indians," when in 1800 it separated an area containing all or part of five present states from the Northwest Territory and named the separated areas the "Indiana Territory." The territorial name was retained when Indiana became a state
Hint #1: I can neither confirm nor deny that the best place to park a vehicle is at: N41°43.253 W085°59.170 .
Hint #2: I can neither confirm nor deny that a boat would be helpful in finding this cache.
Hint #3: I can neither confirm nor deny that night caching is not recommended.
Modified cache to increase rating/difficulty based on the Geocache Rating System. Also added hints.
Updated cache type and page.
Barnaby Jones was FTF on the new hide! Thanks for adding the 50 Cal Ammo can!
Cache container is a 50 Cal Ammo Can.
~~ 3-16-09: Cache was placed using a Yellow Garmin which could result in a slight difference if you are using a better GPS.