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Castelo de Pombal [Pombal]

A cache by dinkye Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 12/05/2004
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
1 out of 5

Size: Size: regular (regular)

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Geocache Description:


  

   Available year-round Available year-round    

   Bicycles permitted on pathsPark 'n Grab

   Historic Site

   Less than 500 ft. from car to cache  Less than 5m from car to cache
 

Adapted from   The Selector

 

E:

Built on the hill of Santo Amaro, it contributed to the city growth, at its south side. Its construction was ordered by Gualdim Pais (Grand Master of the Templar Order) and it suffered many Moors and later on Castillians attacks, fact responsible for its successive recovering works.

Gualdim Pais, Hand Master of the Templars Order was responsible for the construction of the Castle of Pombal, in 1161. Altogether with the military headquarters of Montemor, Soure, Redinha, Penela, Germanelo and Miranda do Corvo, it formed the defensive barrier of Coimbra against the Moorish attacks.

The city grew on the south side, where today we find the main road and the ruins of the old churches of Santa Maria do Castelo and S. Pedro, at present a cemetery.

But the Moors did not gave up conquering the Portuguese territory and therefore, the Castle of Pombal was attacked several times, being partially destroyed. Standing at the Santo Amaro hill, the Monument was also attacked and sacked by the Castillians, that stopped there before going to the Batlle of Aljubarrota where hey were defeated.

After remaining abandoned for a few years, the castle was rebuilt by order of D. Manuel, that ordered the Old Tower to be reconstructed. About 50 years later, the Mayor Pedro de Sousa Ribeiro, also ordered the Church of Santa Maria do Castelo to be built.

On the seventeenth century the Castelo Melhor Count’s decided to inhabit this space, and made the necessary adaptations, recovering the architectonic manueline elements.

Kings D. Sancho I and D. Dinis also contributed to the embellishment of this monument, while transforming it into residence and palace.

Like all other castles this one would also be affected by the French Invasions, suffering several damages. Years later this monument was rebuilt and nowadays it is one of the best restored Portuguese castles. There we can see the collection of capitals and Gothic mansonries from the Church of Santa Maria do Castelo, located near the Palace.

 

P:

Gualdim Pais, primeiro Grão Mestre da Ordem dos Templários, foi o impulsionador da construção do Castelo de Pombal, corria o ano de 1161. Juntamente com as praças militares de Montemor, Soure, Redinha, Penela, Germanelo e Miranda do Corvo, formou a barreira defensiva de Coimbra, contra as investidas dos Mouros.
Do lado sul cresceu então o burgo, onde hoje se encontra a estrada principal e as antigas igrejas de St.ª Maria do Castelo, de que hoje restam apenas algumas ruínas, e de S. Pedro, onde hoje se situa o cemitério.
Mas os mouros não desistiam de conquistar o território português e, por diversas vezes, o Castelo de Pombal foi atacado, tendo ficado parcialmente destruído.
Erguido no morro de Santo Amaro, o monumento viria ainda a ser atacado e pilhado pelos castelhanos, que ali fizeram uma paragem antes de seguirem para a derrota da Batalha de Aljubarrota.
Após ficar alguns anos ao abandono, o Castelo é reconstruído por ordem de D. Manuel, que mandou refazer a velha torre. Cerca de 50 anos depois, o alcaide Pedro de Sousa Ribeiro, mandou igualmente reconstruir a igreja de Santa Maria do Castelo.
Com a decisão do conde de Castelo Melhor em habitar neste espaço, no séc. XVII, ele foi adaptado a residência, tendo sido recuperados alguns elementos arquitectónicos manuelinos.
D. Sancho I e D. Dinis, contribuíram também para o embelezamento deste monumento, ao realizarem esforços para o transformar em residência e em palácio.
Como todos os outros castelos, este também viria a ser afectado pelas invasões francesas, sofrendo graves danos. Anos mais tarde este monumento foi recuperado e hoje é um dos castelos mais bem conservados, e onde se pode ver, por exemplo, o espólio de capitéis e cantarias góticas da Igreja de Santa Maria do Castelo, situada junto do Paço.


Cache:

 P:É uma cache ao alcance de quase todos basta parar o carro e procurar.É um tupperware 20x15x10 cm com várias prendas para troca e a   documentação normal da cache.

 E: Stop the car and  look for it.Is a  tupperware 20x15x10 cm with some gift for change and documents of cache.


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Additional Hints (Decrypt)

[P:]cnffne cryb nepb r 20z á seragr cebphene qb ynqb rfdhreqb.
[E:]cnff sbe gur nepu naq 20z sebag frnepu ng yrsg fvqr.

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



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