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arwen: Uz aspon dva roky visel na touto skrysou damoklov mec, takze ju presuvame "ad acta".

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Dóm

A cache by arwen Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 3/16/2006
Difficulty:
2 out of 5
Terrain:
1.5 out of 5

Size: Size: micro (micro)

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Cathedral     Bratislava vynika bohatymi kulturnymi pamiatkami. Neodmyslitelnou sucastou historickej Bratislavy je i kostol sv. Martina, zo zaciatku uvadzany ako kostol sv. Salvatora. Je to najvacsia goticka stavba v Bratislave postavena na pozemku starsieho cintorina, kde uz predtym stala mensia kaplnka. Cely nazov znie: Bratislavský Dóm sv. Martina.
    Stavat sa zacal v 13. storoci, no trvalo niekolko storoci, kym bol dokonceny. Dnesnu podobu nadobudol v roku 1849 po tom, ako bol poskodeny vojnou, silnym zemetrasenim a inymi pohromami. Prave v tomto roku umiestnili vo vyske 85 metrov kovovu podusku, na ktorej lezi silne pozlatena napodobenina svatostefanskej koruny ako pamiatka na znak toho, ze v 16. storoci sa stal Dóm sv. Martina korunovacnym kostolom uhorskych kralov. Od roku 1563 az do roku 1830 tu korunovali 11 uhorskych panovnikov a 8 kralovskych manzeliek, medzi nimi i Mariu Tereziu. Dóm je trojlodovy sienovy chram. Na zaciatku 18. storocia bolo vnutro chramu zariadene v barokovom slohu. Vnutorne zariadenie kostola bolo v priebehu storoci postupne doplnovane a vrcholilo prave v 18. storoci, ked na pozvanie ostrihomskeho arcibiskupa Imricha Esterhazyho prisiel do Bratislavy vyznamny rakusky sochar Georg Raphael Donner, ktory vytvoril hlavny oltar a barokovu kaplnku sv. Jana Almuznika. Veza kostola bola postavena spolu s trojlodim a plnila aj funkciu obrannej basty, pretoze bola súcastou mestského opevnenia. V druhej polovici 19. storocia chrám pozbavili barokovej výzdoby a nahradili ju neogotickou. Zo vzacnej barokovej výzdoby sa zachovalo okrem ineho aj susosie sv. Martina od spominaneho sochara G.R. Donnera. Je to vynikajuca ukazka barokového slohu. Socha zachytava rimskeho vojaka Martina ako sa sklana z kona ku staremu zobrakovi, aby ho prikryl polovicou svojho plasta. V Dóme okrem tohto susosia stoja za povsimnutie aj krasne farebne okna, osemhranne stlpy , goticke a renesancne nahrobky. Ked ze Dóm bol postaveny na mieste starého cintorina, tradicia pochovavania sa tu zachovavala az do 19. storocia, akurat ze sa preniesla pod zem. Z kaplnky sv. Anny vedú schody do hlbky sest metrov. Tu v tmavych katakombach odpocivaju vyznamne cirkevne osobnosti, slachtici a okrem inych aj autor prveho slovenskeho romanu, Jozef Ignac Bajza.
    Dóm sv.Martina je nielen najvacsou gotickou stavbou v Bratislave, ale bol vyhlaseny aj za narodnu kulturnu pamiatku.

Upozornenie: Prineste si vlastnú ceruzku!



    St. Martin's Cathedral is the most sacred and significant Gothic building in the town. It stands where there was once a Roman church. Construction began in 1221 and continued in the 14th and 15th centuries. Next to the cathedral is St. Anne's Chapel and a Baroque chapel to St.John Almuzník from the first half of the 18th century. The cathedral was actually built into the town's outer walls as part of its fortification. In 1563, when Bratislava became the capital of Hungary, the cathedral was used as the coronation chapel. On the top of the tower there is a large Hungarian crown from the 19th century. Over the portal that used to be the cathedral's main entrance, there is a Gothic relief depicting the Holly Trinity. There are many such artistic and historical mementos left: the altars, the epitaphs and sculptures by R. Donner, the statue of St. Martin, and the statue of Archbishop Esterházy in St. John Almuzník Chapel.

Attention: Bring your own pen!

Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Sr, frpbaq "V"

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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