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MACHU PICCHU

A cache by Jalapeñø Send Message to Owner Message this owner
Hidden : 08/24/2017
Difficulty:
1.5 out of 5
Terrain:
2 out of 5

Size: Size: virtual (virtual)

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Geocache Description:




Machu Picchu («Montaña Vieja») es el nombre contemporáneo que se da a una llaqta —antiguo poblado andino— incaica construida antes del siglo XV en el promontorio rocoso que une las montañas Machu Picchu y Huayna Picchu en la vertiente oriental de la cordillera Central, al sur del Perú y a 2490 msnm, altitud de su plaza principal. Su nombre original habría sido Llaqtapata. Según documentos de mediados del siglo XVI,1​ Machu Picchu habría sido una de las residencias de descanso de Pachacútec, noveno inca del Tahuantinsuyo entre 1438 y 1470. Sin embargo, algunas de sus mejores construcciones y el evidente carácter ceremonial de la principal vía de acceso a la llaqta dan cuenta de su origen anterior a Pachacutec y a su presumible utilización como santuario religioso.2​ Ambos usos, el de palacio y el de santuario, no habrían sido incompatibles. Aun cuando se discute su supuesto carácter militar, por lo que los populares calificativos de «fortaleza» o «ciudadela» podrían haber sido superados.3​ Machu Picchu es considerada al mismo tiempo una obra maestra de la arquitectura y la ingeniería.4​ Sus peculiares características arquitectónicas y paisajísticas, y el velo de misterio que ha tejido a su alrededor buena parte de la literatura publicada sobre el sitio, lo han convertido en uno de los destinos turísticos más populares del planeta.5​ Machu Picchu está en la Lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la Unesco desde 1983, como parte de todo un conjunto cultural y ecológico conocido bajo la denominación Santuario histórico de Machu Picchu. El 7 de julio de 2007 Machu Picchu fue declarada como una de las nuevas siete maravillas del mundo moderno en una ceremonia realizada en Lisboa (Portugal), que contó con la participación de cien millones de votantes en el mundo entero.

Machu Picchu (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmatʃu ˈpitʃu]) (Quechua: Machu Pikchu; [ˈmɑtʃu ˈpixtʃu]) is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level.[1][2] It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru,[3] above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas" (a title more accurately applied to Vilcabamba), it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention in 1911. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of how they originally appeared.[4] By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored[5] and restoration continues.[6] Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.[2] In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

HOW TO VALIDATE THIS VIRTUAL

For validate this Virtual Cache, you need to post with your log a picture of you (front or back) or your GPS at the right coordinates with the MACHU PICCHU (& WAYNA PICCHU) in background. If not, your log will be wipe off... Thanks to respect this rule

Virtual Reward - 2017/2018

This Virtual Cache is part of a limited release of Virtuals created between August 24, 2017 and August 24, 2018. Only 4,000 cache owners were given the opportunity to hide a Virtual Cache. Learn more about Virtual Rewards on the Geocaching Blog.





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Additional Hints (Decrypt)

Gb rnea lbhe "Sbhaq vg!", ivfvg gur fcbg naq gura cbfg n cubgb urer fubjvat lbh (sebag be onpx) NG GUR PBBEQVANGRF, jvgu gur zntvp Znpuh Cvppuh va onpxtebhaq ! (cubgb gnxra ryfrjurer ner ABG npprcgrq) . Lbh znl pbire lbhe snpr gb cebgrpg lbhe cevinpl vs lbh pubbfr. Snvyher gb cbfg gur cubgb jvyy pnhfr lbhe "Sbhaq vg!" gb or qryrgrq. Qb abg urfvgngr gb pbagnpg zr va pnfr bs ceboyrz !

Decryption Key

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
-------------------------
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

(letter above equals below, and vice versa)



 

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Coordinates are in the WGS84 datum

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